40 Facts About Hanoi


Hanoi traced its history back to the third century BCE, when a portion of the modern-day city served as the capital of the historic Vietnamese nation of Au Lac.

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Hanoi has been the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam since 1976.

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Hanoi was the only Asia-Pacific locality to be granted the "City for Peace" title by the UNESCO on 16 July 1999, recognizing its contributions to the struggle for peace, its efforts to promote equality in the community, protect the environment, promote culture and education, and care for younger generations.

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Hanoi joined UNESCO's Network of Creative Cities as a Design City on 31 October 2019, on the occasion of World Cities' Day.

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Hanoi built the wall, 6, 344 meters around the city, which some part were more than eight meters high.

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Hanoi was occupied by the French in 1873 and passed to them ten years later.

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Public outcry in opposition to the redevelopment of culturally significant areas in Hanoi persuaded the national government to implement a low-rise policy surrounding Hoan Kiem Lake.

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Hanoi contains three basic kinds of terrain, which are the delta area, the midland area and the mountainous zone.

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Hanoi is the second most populous city in the country, after Ho Chi Minh City.

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In 2003, Hanoi had 2, 000 businesses engaged in foreign trade, having established ties with 161 countries and territories.

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Agriculture, previously a pillar in Hanoi's economy, has striven to reform itself, introducing new high-yield plant varieties and livestock, and applying modern farming techniques.

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Hanoi has allowed many fast-food chains into the city, such as McDonald's, Lotteria, Pizza Hut, KFC, and others.

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Locals in Hanoi perceive the ability to purchase "fast-food" as an indication of luxury and permanent fixtures.

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Hanoi has in-migration controls which allow the city to accept only people who add skills Hanoi's economy.

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Hanoi is part of the Maritime Silk Road that runs from the Chinese coast through the Strait of Malacca towards the southern tip of India to Mombasa, from there through the Red Sea via the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean, there to the Upper Adriatic region to the northern Italian hub of Trieste with its rail connections to Central Europe and the North Sea.

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Development master plan for Hanoi was designed by Ernest Hebrard in 1924, but was only partially implemented.

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Hanoi is still faced with the problems associated with increasing urbanization.

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The project focused on improving roads, water supply and sanitation, and educational, health and social facilities because economic development in the communes and rural areas surrounding Hanoi is dependent on the infrastructural links between the rural and urban areas, especially for the sale of rural products.

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Organizations in Hanoi are more "tradition-bound", focused on policy, education, research, professional interests, and appealing to governmental organizations to solve social problems.

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Hanoi-based civic organizations use more systematic development and less of a direct intervention approach to deal with issues of rural development, poverty alleviation, and environmental protection.

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At the beginning of the 20th century Hanoi consisted of the "36 streets", the citadel, and some of the newer French buildings south of Hoan Kiem lake, most of which are now part of Hoan Kiem district.

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In 2004, a massive part of the 900-year-old Hanoi Citadel was discovered in central Hanoi, near the site of Ba Ðinh Square.

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City between rivers built on lowlands, Hanoi has many scenic lakes and is sometimes called the "city of lakes".

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Hanoi was the capital and the administrative center for French Indochina for most of the colonial period.

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French Colonial buildings in Hanoi are mostly in Ba Ðinh District and the south of Hoan Kiem District, the two French Quarters of the city.

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Hanoi is sometimes dubbed the "Paris of the East" for its French influences.

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Tourist destinations in Hanoi are generally grouped into two main areas: the Old Quarter and the French Quarte.

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Since 2014, Hanoi has consistently been voted in the world's top ten destinations by TripAdvisor.

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Hanoi is the most affordable international destination in TripAdvisor's annual TripIndex report.

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Hanoi has been named one of the top 10 cities for shopping in Asia by Water Puppet Tours.

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Hanoi has a number of restaurants whose menus specifically offer dishes containing snake and various species of insects.

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The majority of universities in Hanoi are public, although in recent years a number of private universities have begun operation.

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Pre-tertiary schools in Hanoi are generally state run, but there are some independent schools.

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Main means of transport within Hanoi city are motorbikes, buses, taxis, and a rising number of cars.

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On 4 July 2017, the Hanoi government voted to ban motorbikes entirely by 2030, to reduce pollution, congestion, and encourage the expansion and use of public transport.

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Persons on their own or traveling in a pair who wish to make a fast trip around Hanoi to avoid traffic jams or to travel at an irregular time or by way of an irregular route often use "xe om".

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On 6 November 2018, it was announced that in 2020, Hanoi would become the host of the first FIA Formula 1 Vietnamese Grand Prix on a street circuit on the outskirts of the city.

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Hanoi has two basketball teams that compete in the Vietnam Basketball Association, the Hanoi Buffaloes and Thang Long Warriors.

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Hanoi is the only city in Asia-Pacific that was granted this title.

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Hanoi is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21 and the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group.

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