28 Facts About Armagh


Armagh is the county town of County Armagh and a city in Northern Ireland, as well as a civil parish.

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Today, Armagh is home to two cathedrals and the Armagh Observatory, and is known for its Georgian architecture.

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Eamhain Mhacha, at the western edge of Armagh, was an ancient pagan ritual or ceremonial site.

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Navan and Armagh were linked by an ancient road which passes over Mullacreevie hill.

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Armagh told his men to kill Patrick, but was himself struck down with illness.

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The Book of Armagh was produced in the monastery in the early 9th century and contains some of the oldest surviving specimens of Old Irish.

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Armagh was at the heart of the kingdom of the Airthir, a part of the Airgialla federation.

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The church at Armagh looked to both the Airthir and neighbouring Ui Neill for patronage.

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Armagh was strategically important as it lay between the English Pale and the O'Neill heartland of Tyrone, and the town changed hands many times during the wars.

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Armagh has been an educational centre since the time of Saint Patrick, and thus it has been referred to as "the city of saints and scholars".

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Three brothers from Armagh died at the Battle of the Somme during World War I None of the three has a known grave and all are commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme.

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Armagh was attacked with a grenade as he walked along Market Street and later died of his wounds.

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Armagh lost the status with the abolition of its city corporation by the Municipal Corporations Act 1840 after it was deemed ineffective and unrepresentative of its population.

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From 1953, Armagh began to argue for the restoration of the status lost in 1840, with several applications to the Home Office being made.

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Armagh contains the lowest population of all the cities of Northern Ireland, and is fifth smallest in the UK.

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Armagh is the site of two cathedrals, both on hills and both named after Saint Patrick.

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Armagh is one of the few cities in the world that is home to two cathedrals of the same name.

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The construction of Armagh Gaol began in 1780 and was extended in the 1840s and 1850s.

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Armagh Gaol was the primary women's prison in Northern Ireland.

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City is home to the Armagh Observatory, founded in 1790, and to the Armagh Planetarium, established in 1968 to complement the research work of the Observatory.

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The palace of the Archbishop of Armagh is the local council offices and, along with the archbishop's private chapel, is open to the public.

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Armagh City and District Council was a single district council until 2015 when it merged with Banbridge District Council and Craigavon Borough Council under local government reorganisation in Northern Ireland to become Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council, sometimes colloquially referred to as the ABC council.

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The Newry and Armagh Railway opened in 1864 and the Castleblayney, Keady and Armagh Railway was completed in 1910.

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In 2004 the Royal School, Armagh became only the second team in history to win both the schools' rugby and hockey cups in the same year.

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Mall in Armagh has a long association with cricket, and is the location of the Armagh Cricket Club clubhouse.

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Armagh has a temperate maritime climate according to the Koppen climate classification system.

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The nearest Met Office standard weather station, at Armagh Observatory, provides long term weather data back to 1794.

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Armagh holds the record for highest daily minimum temperature in Northern Ireland, at 20.

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