13 Facts About Armenian language


Armenian is an Indo-European language belonging to an independent branch of which it is the only member.

FactSnippet No. 534,165

Armenian language'storically spoken in the Armenian Highlands, today Armenian is widely spoken throughout the Armenian diaspora.

FactSnippet No. 534,166

The Armenian language alphabet was created by Mesrop Mashtots in 405, at which time it had 36 letters.

FactSnippet No. 534,167

Armenian language is credited by some with the creation of the Georgian alphabet and the Caucasian Albanian alphabet.

FactSnippet No. 534,168

The distinctness of Armenian language was recognized when philologist Heinrich Hubschmann used the comparative method to distinguish two layers of Iranian words from the older Armenian language vocabulary.

FactSnippet No. 534,169

Armenian language showed that Armenian often had two morphemes for one concept, that the non-Iranian components yielded a consistent Proto-Indo-European pattern distinct from Iranian, and that the inflectional morphology was different from that of Iranian languages.

FactSnippet No. 534,170

Antoine Meillet further investigated morphological and phonological agreement and postulated that the parent languages of Greek and Armenian were dialects in immediate geographical proximity during the Proto-Indo-European period.

FactSnippet No. 534,171

The proliferation of newspapers in both versions and the development of a network of schools where modern Armenian language was taught, dramatically increased the rate of literacy (in spite of the obstacles by the colonial administrators), even in remote rural areas.

FactSnippet No. 534,172

The Armenian language orthography is rich in combinations of consonants, but in pronunciation, this is broken up with schwas.

FactSnippet No. 534,173

Grammatically, early forms of Armenian had much in common with classical Greek and Latin, but the modern language, like modern Greek, has undergone many transformations, adding some analytic features.

FactSnippet No. 534,174

Classical Armenian language has no grammatical gender, not even in the pronoun, but there is a feminine suffix.

FactSnippet No. 534,175

Western Armenian language has simplified the occlusive system into a simple division between voiced occlusives and aspirated ones; the first series corresponds to the tenuis series of Eastern Armenian language, and the second corresponds to the Eastern voiced and aspirated series.

FactSnippet No. 534,176

Western Armenian language dialects are currently spoken in Gavar, Aparan, and Talin in Armenia (Mush dialect), and by the large Armenian language population residing in Abkhazia, where they are considered to be the first or second ethnic minority, or even equal in number to the local Abkhaz population.

FactSnippet No. 534,177