10 Facts About Artificial reef


An artificial reef is a human-created underwater structure, typically built to promote marine life in areas with a generally featureless bottom, to control erosion, block ship passage, block the use of trawling nets, or improve surfing.

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Artificial reef communities tend to develop in more or less predictable stages.

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Over months and years the Artificial reef structure becomes encrusted with algae, tunicates, hard and soft corals and sponges.

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An electrified reef is an artificial reef where a small low voltage electric charge is applied to a sub-sea metallic structures that causes limestone to precipitate onto a metal frame onto which coral planulae can then attach and grow; the process speeds up post-attachment growth.

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An artificial reef constructed of over 400 massive, geotextile bags filled with sand was constructed in 2000 at Narrowneck on the Gold Coast of Queensland, Australia.

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The only reef built in the U S for surfing is southern California's "Pratte's Reef", which was constructed in 2000 and removed in 2008 as planned.

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Fish attracted to artificial reef zones vary from reef to reef depending on its age, size and structure.

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Artificial reef serves as an artificial reef and recreational dive site.

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Second-largest artificial reef is USNS Hoyt S Vandenberg, a former World War II era troop transport that served as a spacecraft-tracking ship after the war.

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Underwater Chocolate Hills is an artificial reef project undertaken by Spindrift Reefs Dive Center off the coast of Panglao Island in the Philippines.

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