11 Facts About Assiniboine


Images of Assiniboine people were painted by 19th-century artists such as Karl Bodmer and George Catlin.

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Europeans and Americans adopted names that other tribes used for the Assiniboine; they did not until later learn the tribe's autonym, their name for themselves.

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English speakers referred to the Assiniboine by adopting terms from French spelled using English phonetics.

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Later, the Assiniboine acquired horses via raiding and trading with neighboring tribes of Plains Indians such as the Crow and the Sioux on their south.

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At the height of their power, the Assiniboine dominated territory ranging from the North Saskatchewan River in the north to the Missouri River in the south, and including portions of modern-day Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Manitoba, Canada; and North Dakota and Montana, United States of America.

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The Assiniboine obtained guns, ammunition, metal tomahawks, metal pots, wool blankets, wool coats, wool leggings, and glass beads, as well as other goods from the fur traders in exchange for furs.

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The Assiniboine population crashed from around 10,000 people in the late 18th century to around 2600 by 1890.

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In 1885, some Assiniboine scouts aided the Canadian North West Field Force track down Cree renegades who were participating in the Second Riel Rebellion of Metis.

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The Assiniboine people participated in the sun dance like other Plains Native peoples.

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An estimated 25 to 30 Assiniboine were killed by American Wolfers to take revenge for horse-stealing Cree in Montana.

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In Manitoba, the Assiniboine survive as individuals, holding no separate communal reserves.

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