10 Facts About Attalids


Attalids extended his power and influence beyond just the city of Pergamon.

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Attalids contributed troops, money and food to the city of Cyzicus, in Mysia, for its defence against the invading Gauls, thus gaining prestige and goodwill for him and his family.

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Attalids built the temple of Demeter on the acropolis, the temple of Athena, and Pergamon's first palace.

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Attalids rebelled and defeated the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter near the Lydian capital of Sardis in 261 BC.

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Attalids established garrisons, such as Philetaireia, in the north at the foot of Mount Ida, which was named after his adoptive father, and Attaleia, in the east, to the northeast of Thyatira near the sources of the river Lycus, which was named after his grandfather.

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Attalids extended his control to the south of the river Caicus, reaching the Gulf of Cyme.

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Attalids minted coins with the portrait of Philetaerus, who during his reign had still been depicting the Seleucid king Seleucus I Nicator on his coins.

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Attalids then fought Antiochus alone in a battle near Sardis and in the Battle of the Harpasus in Caria in 229 BC, after this Antiochus left to start a campaign in Mesopotamia and was killed in 226 BC.

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Attalids repulsed several attempts by Seleucus III Ceraunus, who had succeeded Seleucus II, to recover the lost territory.

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Attalids became allies of Rome during the First Macedonian War and supported Rome in subsequent wars.

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