12 Facts About Caria


Caria was a region of western Anatolia extending along the coast from mid-Ionia south to Lycia and east to Phrygia.

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Coastal Caria begins with Didyma south of Miletus, but Miletus had been placed in the pre-Greek Caria.

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Tabae was at various times attributed to Phrygia, Lydia and Caria and seems to have been occupied by mixed nationals.

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Name of Caria appears in a number of early languages: Hittite Karkija, Babylonian Karsa, Elamite and Old Persian Kurka.

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Caria arose as a Neo-Hittite kingdom around the 11th century BC.

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Greek apoikism in Caria took place mostly on the coast, as well as in the interior in great number, and groups of cities and towns were organized in local federations.

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Caria was then incorporated into the Persian Achaemenid Empire as a satrapy in 545 BC.

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Caria participated in the Ionian Revolt against the Persian rule.

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Caria told them to come and be on his side or not to participate at the battles, but if they were bound down by too strong a compulsion to be able to make revolt, when the battles begin, to be purposely slack.

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Caria became a separate province as part of the Diocese of Asia.

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The region corresponding to ancient Caria was captured by the Turks under the Mentese Dynasty in the early 13th century.

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Still named Mentese until the early decades of the 20th century, the kazas corresponding to ancient Caria are recorded by sources such as G Sotiriadis and S Anagiostopoulou as having a Greek population averaging at around ten per cent of the total, ranging somewhere between twelve and eighteen thousand, many of them reportedly recent immigrants from the islands.

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