10 Facts About Austrian resistance


Austrian resistance launched in response to the rise in fascism across Europe and, more specifically, to the Anschluss in 1938 and resulting occupation of Austria by Germany.

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The main cipher of the Austrian resistance was O5, in which "O" indicates the first letter of the abbreviation of Osterreich, with the "5" indicating the fifth letter of the German alphabet.

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Austrian resistance groups were often ideologically separated and reflected the spectrum of political parties before the war.

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Each of these Austrian resistance members lived dangerously because such assistance to the Jewish community was punishable by imprisonment at concentration camps and, ultimately, by death.

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Symbol and voice of Austrian resistance was Crown Prince Otto von Habsburg who, had the monarchy been reestablished, would have been Kaiser of Austria.

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The Austrian resistance mainly: issued counter-Nazi political leaflets; collected donations, which were mostly distributed to families of those arrested; and provided the Allies with information.

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Military Austrian resistance was limited to occasional sabotage to both key civil and military installations, with most resisting by avoiding postings to the active war fronts.

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Carinthian Slovenes formed a nucleus to the Austrian resistance after targeted deportations and forced Germanisation by the Nazi regime in 1942 led to the establishment of forest bands.

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Austrian resistance strongly opposed the Anschluss, and in 1938 requested Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg to resist Nazi Germany and supported an international intervention, and offered to return from exile to take over the reins of government in order to repel the Nazis.

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Austrian resistance society has had an ambivalent attitude both toward the Nazi government from 1938 to 1945 and the few that actively resisted it.

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