14 Facts About Automatic parking


Automatic parking is an autonomous car-maneuvering system that moves a vehicle from a traffic lane into a parking spot to perform parallel, perpendicular, or angle parking.

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The automatic parking system aims to enhance the comfort and safety of driving in constrained environments where much attention and experience is required to steer the car.

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The Automatic parking maneuver is achieved by means of coordinated control of the steering angle and speed which takes into account the actual situation in the environment to ensure collision-free motion within the available space.

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One of the world's first experimental prototypes of automatic parallel parking was developed on an electric car Ligier at INRIA in the mid-1990s.

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Automatic pulling out involves localizing an available space for the car motion within the parking place, placing the car at an appropriate spot at the rear of the parking place, and performing a maneuver to pull out of the parking place into the traffic lane.

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Key concept behind automatic parking is to plan and parameterize the basic control profiles of steering angle and speed in order to achieve the desired shape of the vehicle's path within the available space.

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The Automatic parking maneuver is performed as a sequence of controlled motions using sensor data from the car servo systems and range measurements about the environment.

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In 1992, Volkswagen proposed an automatic parking technology using four-wheel steering in its IRVW Futura concept car, allowing it to move sideward for parallel parking.

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The Evolve car can automatically perform parallel parking by using sensors and a computer to control steering, acceleration and braking of Volvo S60.

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An automatic parking system uses various methods to detect objects around the vehicle.

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An automatic parking system has been shown to improve comfort and safety by reducing the level of stress people feel when manual steering for parallel parking and garage parking maneuvers.

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In 2003, Toyota began to sell their Japanese Prius hybrid vehicle with an automatic parallel parking capability offered as an option named Intelligent Parking Assist.

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Up to 2012, automatic parking systems were being developed by several automobile manufacturers.

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Jeep introduced an automatic parallel and perpendicular parking system, called ParkSense, on its 2014 Cherokee model.

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