14 Facts About Banja Luka


Banja Luka has a moderate humid subtropical climate with mild winters, infrequent frosts, and warm summers.

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The area comprising Banja Luka was entirely in the kingdom of Illyria and then a part of the Roman province of Illyricum, which split into provinces of Pannonia and Dalmatia of which Castra became a part.

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Mediaeval fortresses in the vicinity of Banja Luka include Vrbas, Zupa Zemljanik, Kotor Varos, Zvecaj, and Bocac .

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In 1835 and 1836, during Ottoman administration, numerous people from Banja Luka emigrated to Lesnica, Lipnica and Loznica, the villages around Loznica, and to Sabac.

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Banja Luka naturally became the organisational centre of anti-fascist work in the region.

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Banja Luka plays an important role on different levels of Bosnia and Herzegovina's government structures.

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Banja Luka is the centre of the government for the Municipality of Banja Luka.

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This, along with the fact that some of the major banks in Bosnia, the Deposit Insurance Agency and the value-added tax authority are all based in the city, has helped Banja Luka establish itself as a major financial centre of the country.

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Banja Luka is home to the National Theatre and National Library, both dating from the first half of the 20th century, and of numerous other theatres.

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One of the best-known cultural sites in Banja Luka is the cultural centre of "Banski Dvor", built in the 1930s as the residence for the Bans of the Vrbas Banovina.

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Banja Luka has one major football stadium and several indoor sports halls.

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FK Borac Banja Luka is one of the most popular football club in the Republika Srpska.

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RK Borac Banja Luka was the European Champion in 1976, the European Vice-Champion in 1975 and the winner of the IHF Cup in 1991.

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Banja Luka is a minor hub of the railway services of Zeljeznice Republike Srpske, which comprises one half of the railway network of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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