16 Facts About Bankura district


Bankura district is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Bankura district is surrounded by Purba Bardhaman district and Paschim Bardhaman district in the north, Purulia district in the west, Jhargram district and Paschim Medinipur district in the south, and some part of Hooghly district in the east.

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The Malla Kingdom was annexed by the British East India Company in 1765 and the modern Bankura district took its form in 1881 and was named after its headquarters.

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Bankura district divided his kingdom into twenty-two tarafs or circles and gave one to each son.

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Bankura district developed the town that now bears the name Bankura.

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Bankura district was inhabited by various indigenous tribes in later pre-historic times as well as Aryanised or assimilated with the people and culture of the Indo-Aryan group, who prevailed in northern India, substantially later than rest of Bengal.

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From around the seventh century until around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, the history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur.

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Bankura district was known as Bagdi Raja and was succeeded by his son, Jay Malla, who extended his domains and shifted his capital to Bishnupur.

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Bankura district was involved on the side of Mughals in their struggle against the Afghans and is mentioned by Muslim historians.

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Bankura district paid an annual tribute to the Muslim viceroys of Bengal and thus acknowledged their suzerainty.

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Bankura district was converted to Vaishnavism by Srinivasa and introduced the worship of Madan Mohan in Bishnupur.

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In 1879, the Bankura district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan.

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Western part of the Bankura district has poor, ferruginous soil and hard beds of laterite with scrub jungles and sal woods.

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Bankura district is economically underdeveloped and is mostly dependent on agriculture.

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The Bankura district has a population density of 523 inhabitants per square kilometre.

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Eastern portion of the Bankura district is a part of the rice plains of West Bengal.

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