14 Facts About Banu Nadir


Banu Nadir were a Jewish Arab tribe which lived in northern Arabia at the oasis of Medina until the 7th century.

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The Banu Nadir then planned the Battle of the Trench together with the Quraysh.

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In early Medina, in addition to the Banu Nadir, there were two other major Arab tribes: the Banu Aws and the Khazraj.

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Banu Nadir were wealthy and lived in some of the best lands in Medina.

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The Banu Nadir, led by Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf and Huyayy ibn Akhtab, and the Banu Qurayza fought with the Aws, while the Banu Qaynuqa were allied itself with the tribe of Khazraj.

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The Banu Nadir did not get involved, viewing the conflict as another example of Jewish tribal struggle.

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The Banu Nadir, then postponed the contribution until later that day.

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Muhammad left the locality immediately accusing the Banu Nadir of plotting to assassinate him, saying to have learned this either through revelation or Muhammad ibn Maslama.

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On his way he was notified by a Banu Nadir convert to Islam of an assassination attempt at the debate.

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Banu Nadir ordered them to surrender their property and leave Medina within ten days.

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The Banu Nadir were forced to surrender after the siege had lasted for 14 days, when the promised help failed to materialize and when Muhammad ordered the burning and felling of their palm-trees.

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Banu Nadir left on 600 camels, parading through Medina to the music of pipes and tambourines.

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Banu Nadir promised half the date harvest of Khaybar to nomadic tribes if they would join the battle against Muslims.

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Banu Nadir had however adopted a new form of defense, unknown in Arabia at that time: Muslims had dug a trench wherever Medina lay open to cavalry attack.

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