19 Facts About Bariloche


San Carlos de Bariloche, usually known as Bariloche, is a city in the province of Rio Negro, Argentina, situated in the foothills of the Andes on the southern shores of Nahuel Huapi Lake.

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Name Bariloche comes from the Mapudungun word Vuriloche meaning "people from behind the mountain" .

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Bariloche had been ordered to the area by the Governor of Chile Antonio de Acuna Cabrera, who was concerned about the unrest of the native Puelche and Poya after the slave-hunting expeditions carried out by Luis Ponce de Leon in 1649, who captured Indians and sold them into slavery.

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Bariloche'storians disagree if the mission belonged to the jurisdiction of Valdivia or Chiloe.

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Bariloche was aided by the guide Antonio Millaqueo and Daniel Marquez from Chiloe helped them in navigating the lake.

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Bariloche grew from being a centre of cattle trade that relied on commerce with Chile, to becoming a tourism centre for the Argentine elite.

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Together with Bariloche, it was established for priority projects by national tourism development planners.

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In 1995, Bariloche made headlines in the international press when it became known as a haven for Nazi war criminals, such as the former SS Hauptsturmfuhrer Erich Priebke and SS officer Reinhard Kopps, known in Argentina as Juan Maler.

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Bariloche is the biggest city of a huge Lakes District, and it serves as a base for many excursions in the region.

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In November 2012, Bariloche was named "national capital of adventure tourism" under Law 26802 sanctioned by the Argentine National Congress.

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Besides tourism and related services, Bariloche is home of advanced scientific and technological activities.

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The Centro Atomico Bariloche is a research center of the National Atomic Energy Commission, where basic and applied research in many areas of the physical sciences is carried out.

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Private non-profit organization Bariloche Foundation continues the tradition of scientific research in the city.

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Central parts of Bariloche are built on a landscape of moraines and, next to the lake, of alluvial and lacustrine plains and terraces.

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Bariloche is in the transition area between the Patagonian steppe and Valdivian forest, therefore it is rich in a variety of native species, of which the following is a list.

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Bariloche is home of the army's "12° Regimiento de Infanteria de Montana", where military personnel are instructed in mountainous conditions, including combat, survival, and skiing.

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City of Bariloche has one of the fifty most dangerous landfills for natural environment of the world.

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Request for the transfer of the Bariloche dump, located on National Route 40 south, was being surrounded by neighborhoods with a high population density, it is already historic.

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Andean Club Bariloche was co-organiser of the 1st and the 3rd South American Ski Mountaineering Championships.

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