11 Facts About Bramante


Donato Bramante, born as Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio and known as Bramante Lazzari, was an Italian architect and painter.

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Bramante introduced Renaissance architecture to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his plan for St Peter's Basilica formed the basis of design executed by Michelangelo.

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Bramante's Tempietto marked the beginning of the High Renaissance in Rome when Pope Julius II appointed him to build a sanctuary over the spot where Peter was martyred.

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Bramante was born under the name Donato d'Augnolo, Donato di Pascuccio d'Antonio, or Donato Pascuccio d'Antonio in Fermignano near Urbino.

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Bramante's architecture has eclipsed his painting skills: he knew the painters Melozzo da Forli and Piero della Francesca well, who were interested in the rules of perspective and illusionistic features in Andrea Mantegna's painting.

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Around 1474, Bramante moved to Milan, a city with a deep Gothic architectural tradition, and built several churches in the new Antique style.

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Space was limited, and Bramante made a theatrical apse in bas-relief, combining the painterly arts of perspective with Roman details.

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In Milan, Bramante built the tribune of Santa Maria delle Grazie ; other early works include the Cloisters of Sant'Ambrogio, Milan, and some other constructions in Pavia and possibly Legnano.

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However, in 1499, with his Sforza patron driven from Milan by an invading French army, Bramante made his way to Rome, where he was already known to the powerful Cardinal Riario.

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For Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile or possibly Julius II, Bramante designed one of the most harmonious buildings of the Renaissance: the Tempietto of San Pietro in Montorio on the Janiculum.

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Bramante's plan envisaged four great chapels filling the corner spaces between the equal transepts, each one capped with a smaller dome surrounding the great dome over the crossing.

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