17 Facts About British citizenship


The primary class of British nationality is British citizenship, which is associated with the United Kingdom itself and the Crown dependencies.

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Generally, nationality refers to a person's legal belonging to a sovereign state and is the common term used in international treaties when addressing members of a country, while British citizenship usually means the set of rights and duties a person has in that nation.

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British citizenship was not created until passage of the British Nationality Act 1981.

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British citizenship citizens hold their status because of a close connection with the UK, usually through their own birth, adoption, naturalisation, or registration as citizens of the UK.

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British citizenship subjects hold their status through a connection either to former British citizenship India or the Republic of Ireland before 1949.

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British citizenship protected persons come from areas controlled by the British citizenship Empire but were never formally incorporated as Crown territory.

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Some thought the single Imperial status of "British citizenship subject" was becoming increasingly inadequate to deal with a Commonwealth of independent member states.

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British Nationality Act 1948 marked the first time that married British women gained independent nationality, regardless of the citizenship of their spouses.

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The Act removed the rights of free entry to, and abode and work in, the United Kingdom from those British citizenship Subjects who were not born in, or possessed of a qualifying connection to, the United Kingdom.

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In spite of the fact that the 1981 Act repealed most of the provisions of the 1948 Act and the nationality clauses in subsequent independence acts, the acquisition of new categories of British citizenship nationality created by the 1981 Act was often dependent on nationality status prior to 1 January 1983, so many of the provisions of the 1948 Act and subsequent independence acts are still relevant.

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Individuals born within the British Islands receive British citizenship at birth if at least one parent is a British citizen or considered to have settled status in the UK.

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Children born overseas are British citizenship citizens by descent if either parent is a citizen otherwise than by descent.

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Children born abroad to members of the British citizenship Armed Forces or British citizenship citizens on Crown service are treated as if they were born in the UK.

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British Overseas citizenship, British subjecthood, and British protected person status are only transferred by descent if an individual born to a parent holding one of these statuses would otherwise be stateless.

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Between 2006 and the end of 2021 at least 464 people have had their British citizenship removed by the government since the law was introduced.

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At the time the Home Office reiterated its position on citizenship: "British citizenship is a privilege, not a right".

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British citizenship citizens were able to live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

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