13 Facts About Caucasus region


The Caucasus region Mountains, including the Greater Caucasus region range, have historically been considered as a natural barrier between Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

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In Georgian tradition, the term Caucasus region is derived from Caucas, the son of the Biblical Togarmah and legendary forefather of Nakh peoples.

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Term Caucasus region is not only used for the mountains themselves but includes Ciscaucasia and Transcaucasia.

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The Caucasus region is one of the candidates for the location of Airyanem Vaejah, the apparent homeland of the Iranians of Zoroaster.

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North Caucasus region is known as the Ciscaucasus, whereas the South Caucasus region is commonly known as the Transcaucasus.

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The Kuma-Manych Depression, the geologic depression that divides the Russian Plain from the North Caucasus region foreland is often regarded by classical and non-British sources as the natural and historical boundary between Europe and Asia.

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The nation states that compose the Caucasus region today are the post-Soviet states Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and the Russian Federation.

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Peoples of the northern and southern Caucasus region mostly are Shia Muslims, Sunni Muslims, Eastern Orthodox Christians or Armenian Christians.

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Territory of the Caucasus region was inhabited by Homo erectus since the Paleolithic Era.

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Later ancient kingdoms of the Caucasus region included Armenia, Albania, Colchis and Iberia, among others.

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In Persian mythology, the Caucasus region might be associated with the mythic Mount Qaf which is believed to surround the known world.

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The Caucasus region is included in the list of 34 world biodiversity hotspots.

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Caucasus region has many economically important minerals and energy resources, such as gold, silver, copper, iron ore, manganese, tungsten, zinc, oil, natural gas, and coal .

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