33 Facts About Central Park


Central Park is an urban park in New York City located between the Upper West and Upper East Sides of Manhattan.

FactSnippet No. 651,297

Additional land at the northern end of Central Park was purchased in 1859, and the park was completed in 1876.

FactSnippet No. 651,298

Central Park is traversed by a system of roads and walkways and is served by public transportation.

FactSnippet No. 651,299

Central Park is owned by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation but has been managed by the Central Park Conservancy since 1998, under a contract with the municipal government in a public–private partnership.

FactSnippet No. 651,300

The Conservancy, a non-profit organization, raises Central Park's annual operating budget and is responsible for all basic care of the park.

FactSnippet No. 651,301

Central Park has natural-looking plantings and landforms, having been almost entirely landscaped when built in the 1850s and 1860s.

FactSnippet No. 651,302

The Central Park Conservancy was founded in 1980 as a nonprofit organization with a citizen board to assist with the city's initiatives to clean up and rehabilitate the park.

FactSnippet No. 651,303

Croton Aqueduct Board president Nicholas Dean, who proposed the Central Park site, chose it because the Croton Aqueduct's 35-acre, 150-million-US-gallon collecting reservoir would be in the geographical center.

FactSnippet No. 651,304

In July 1853, the New York State Legislature passed the Central Park Act, authorizing the purchase of the present-day site of Central Park.

FactSnippet No. 651,305

The Central Park Commission began hosting a landscape design contest shortly after its creation.

FactSnippet No. 651,306

Central Park was difficult to construct because of the generally rocky and swampy landscape.

FactSnippet No. 651,307

The first major work in Central Park involved grading the driveways and draining the land in the park's southern section.

FactSnippet No. 651,308

Central Park implemented a style of micromanagement, keeping records of the smallest transactions in an effort to reduce costs.

FactSnippet No. 651,309

Central Park was removed in May 1911 following a lengthy dispute over whether an expense to replace the soil in the park was unnecessary.

FactSnippet No. 651,310

Central Park unified the five park-related departments then in existence.

FactSnippet No. 651,311

Demolition work commenced after Central Park was closed for the night and was only halted after the threat of a lawsuit.

FactSnippet No. 651,312

Interest in Central Park's landscape had long since declined, and it was now mostly being used for recreation.

FactSnippet No. 651,313

The Public Theater's annual Shakespeare in the Central Park festival was settled in the Delacorte Theater, and summer performances were instituted on the Sheep Meadow and the Great Lawn by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra and the Metropolitan Opera.

FactSnippet No. 651,314

Central Park Conservancy classifies its remaining green space into four types of lawns, labeled alphabetically based on usage and the amount of maintenance needed.

FactSnippet No. 651,315

Central Park contains ten "great tree" clusters that are specially recognized by NYC Parks.

FactSnippet No. 651,316

The American Elms in Central Park are the largest remaining stands in the Northeastern United States, protected by their isolation from the Dutch elm disease that devastated the tree throughout its native range.

FactSnippet No. 651,317

Central Park contains various migratory birds during their spring and fall migration on the Atlantic Flyway.

FactSnippet No. 651,318

Central Park has approximately ten species of mammals as of 2013.

FactSnippet No. 651,319

Central Park is a habitat for two amphibian species: the American bullfrog and the green frog.

FactSnippet No. 651,320

Blockhouse No 1, the oldest extant structure within Central Park, and built before the park's creation, sits in the northwest section of the park.

FactSnippet No. 651,321

The southern border of Central Park contains the "Children's District", an area that includes Heckscher Playground, the Central Park Carousel, the Ballplayers House, and the Chess and Checkers House.

FactSnippet No. 651,322

The needle in Central Park arrived in late 1880 and was dedicated early the following year.

FactSnippet No. 651,323

Central Park has two ice skating rinks: Wollman Rink in its southern portion and Lasker Rink in its northern portion.

FactSnippet No. 651,324

Central Park has been the site of concerts almost since its inception.

FactSnippet No. 651,325

Every August since 2003, the Central Park Conservancy has hosted the Central Park Film Festival, a series of free film screenings.

FactSnippet No. 651,326

Some buses running on the edge of Central Park replaced former streetcar routes that formerly traveled across Manhattan.

FactSnippet No. 651,327

Central Park contains four transverse roadways that carry crosstown traffic across the park.

FactSnippet No. 651,328

Central Park has three scenic drives that travel through it vertically.

FactSnippet No. 651,329