33 Facts About Everest


Mount Everest is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.

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Everest himself opposed the name suggested by Waugh and told the Royal Geographical Society in 1857 that "Everest" could not be written in Hindi nor pronounced by "the native of India".

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The modern pronunciation of Everest is different from Sir George's pronunciation of his surname .

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In May 1999, an American Everest expedition directed by Bradford Washburn anchored a GPS unit into the highest bedrock.

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In 1955, a detailed photogrammetric map of the Khumbu region, including the south side of Mount Everest, was made by Erwin Schneider as part of the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, which attempted Lhotse.

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Summit of Everest is the point at which Earth's surface reaches the greatest distance above sea level.

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Mount Everest has an ice cap climate with all months averaging well below freezing.

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Base camp for Everest expeditions based out of Nepal is located by Khumbu Glacier, which is rapidly thinning and destabilizing due to climate change, making it unsafe for climbers.

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Mount Everest extends into the upper troposphere and penetrates the stratosphere.

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Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, it has attracted considerable attention and climbing attempts.

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Everest's first known summiting occurred by 1953, and interest by climbers increased.

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Everest remained a difficult climb for decades, even for serious attempts by professional climbers and large national expeditions, which were the norm until the commercial era began in the 1990s.

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Everest was said to have attempted to summit Mount Everest by himself with no Sherpa or guide and fewer oxygen bottles than considered normal.

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Everest went with a low-budget Nepali guide firm that only provides support up to Base Camp, after which climbers go as a "loose group", offering a high degree of independence.

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Everest had suffered severe frostbite – he later had five fingertips amputated.

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Beck Weathers of the 1996 Mount Everest disaster said that those who are dying are often left behind and that he himself had been left for dead twice but was able to keep walking.

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Everest was found by a party of four climbers who, giving up their own summit attempt, stayed with Hall and descended with him and a party of 11 Sherpas sent up to carry him down.

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Everest's team assumed he had died from cerebral edema, and they were instructed to cover him with rocks.

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Everest's was named the Nepali "International Mountaineer of the Year".

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Everest first summited Everest in 1994, and has summited several other extremely high mountains, such as K2 and Lhotse.

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Mount Everest has two main climbing routes, the southeast ridge from Nepal and the north ridge from Tibet, as well as many other less frequently climbed routes.

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Summit of Everest has been described as "the size of a dining room table".

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At the higher regions of Mount Everest, climbers seeking the summit typically spend substantial time within the death zone, and face significant challenges to survival.

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In May 2007, the Caudwell Xtreme Everest undertook a medical study of oxygen levels in human blood at extreme altitude.

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Everest can be climbed without supplementary oxygen, but only by the most accomplished mountaineers and at increased risk.

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Everest proposed banning bottled oxygen except for emergency cases, arguing that this would both decrease the growing pollution on Everest—many bottles have accumulated on its slopes—and keep marginally qualified climbers off the mountain.

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In 2017, two Indian police officers, supposedly the first couple to ascend Mount Everest, were sacked once it was found they had faked their ascent.

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Reinhold Messner called one of Dickinson's panoramic views of Everest, captured on the now discontinued Kodak Kodachrome film, the "best snap on Earth", according to UK newspaper The Telegraph.

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Everest needed to land for two minutes to set the Federation Aeronautique Internationale official record, but he stayed for about four minutes, twice.

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Degree of commercialisation of Mount Everest is a frequent subject of criticism.

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On 18 April 2014, in one of the worst disasters to ever hit the Everest climbing community up to that time, 16 Sherpas died in Nepal due to the avalanche that swept them off Mount Everest.

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Mount Everest has been host to other winter sports and adventuring besides mountaineering, including snowboarding, skiing, paragliding, and BASE jumping.

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Southern part of Mount Everest is regarded as one of several "hidden valleys" of refuge designated by Padmasambhava, a ninth-century "lotus-born" Buddhist saint.

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