30 Facts About Fairfax County


Fairfax County, officially the County of Fairfax, is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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Fairfax County is home to the headquarters of several intelligence agencies such as the Central Intelligence Agency, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, National Reconnaissance Office, National Counterterrorism Center, and Office of the Director of National Intelligence as well as the headquarters of several aerospace manufacturing and defense industry giants.

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At the time of first European encounter, the inhabitants of what would become Fairfax County were an Algonquian-speaking subgroup called the Taux, known as the Doeg or Dogue.

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Fairfax County was formed in 1742 from the northern part of Prince William County.

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In 1789, part of Fairfax County was ceded to the federal government to form Alexandria County of the District of Columbia.

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Alexandria Fairfax County was returned to Virginia in 1846, reduced in size by the secession of the independent city of Alexandria in 1870, and renamed Arlington Fairfax County in 1920.

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Fairfax County is bounded on the north and southeast by the Potomac River.

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Fairfax County uses the urban county executive form of government, which county voters approved in a 1966 referendum.

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Fairfax County contains an exclave unincorporated area in the City of Fairfax's central business district, where many county facilities are.

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Fairfax County was once considered a Republican bastion, but in recent years Democrats have made significant inroads, gaining control of the Board of Supervisors and the School Board as well as the offices of sheriff and Commonwealth attorney.

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Fairfax County encompasses parts of three congressional districts, the 8th District, the 10th District, and the 11th District.

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Fairfax County is represented in the Virginia State Senate by an all-Democratic delegation.

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In 2012, Fairfax County solidly backed Obama for reelection as president, as he nearly matched his 2008 performance, winning the county 59.

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Fairfax County males have the highest life expectancy in the nation at 81.

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Fairfax County is home to many Catholic elementary and middle schools.

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Northern Virginia Community College serves Fairfax County with campuses in Annandale and Springfield and a center in Reston that is a satellite branch of the Loudoun campus.

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Fairfax County is home to major employers such as Volkswagen Group of America, Hilton Worldwide, DXC Technology, Northrop Grumman, Science Applications International Corporation, Leidos, Booz Allen Hamilton, Gannett, Capital One, General Dynamics, ICF International, Freddie Mac, Sallie Mae, ManTech International, Mars, NII and NVR.

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Fairfax County is home to the Northern Virginia Technology Council, a trade association for local technology companies.

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Fairfax County has a higher concentration of high-tech workers than Silicon Valley.

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Several major highways run through Fairfax County, including the Capital Beltway, Interstate 66, Interstate 95, and Interstate 395.

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Northern Virginia, including Fairfax County, is the third worst congested traffic area in the nation, in terms of percentage of congested roadways and time spent in traffic.

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Fairfax County is served by two other airports in the Washington area, Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport.

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Manassas Regional Airport, in neighboring Prince William Fairfax County, is used for regional cargo and private jet service.

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From 1945 to 1961, the eastern part of Fairfax County hosted Falls Church Airpark, an airfield primarily used for general aviation and civil defense purposes until encroaching residential development forced its closure.

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Fairfax County has multiple public transportation services, including the Washington Metro's Orange, Blue, Yellow, and Silver lines.

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An extension of the Silver line west through Herndon into Loudoun Fairfax County is anticipated to begin operating sometime in 2022.

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Fairfax County is a member of the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority.

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Fairfax County maintains many miles of bike trails running through parks, adjacent to roads and through towns such as Vienna and Herndon.

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Nevertheless, the Postal Service has long considered several portions of Fairfax County to be unincorporated Falls Church and Fairfax City.

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Fairfax County adopted the urban county executive form of government in 1966.

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