44 Facts About Freyja


Freyja is the owner of the necklace Brisingamen, rides a chariot pulled by two cats, is accompanied by the boar Hildisvini, and possesses a cloak of falcon feathers.

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Freyja has numerous names, including Gefn, Horn, Mardoll, Syr, Vanadis, and Valfreyja.

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Freyja is etymologically close to the name of the god Freyr, meaning 'lord' in Old Norse.

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The theonym Freyja is thus considered to have been an epithet in origin, replacing a personal name that is unattested.

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Voluspa contains a stanza that mentions Freyja, referring to her as "Oð's girl"; Freyja being the wife of her husband, Oðr.

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The stanza recounts that Freyja was once promised to an unnamed builder, later revealed to be a jotunn and subsequently killed by Thor .

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In verse, after Loki has flyted with the goddess Frigg, Freyja interjects, telling Loki that he is insane for dredging up his terrible deeds, and that Frigg knows the fate of everyone, though she does not tell it.

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Loki tells her to be silent, and says that he knows all about her—that Freyja is not lacking in blame, for each of the gods and elves in the hall have been her lover.

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Freyja's says that Loki is lying, that he is just looking to blather about misdeeds, and since the gods and goddesses are furious at him, he can expect to go home defeated.

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Loki tells Freyja to be silent, calls her a malicious witch, and conjures a scenario where Freyja was once astride her brother when all of the gods, laughing, surprised the two.

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The first thing that Thor says to Freyja is that she should dress herself and put on a bride's head-dress, for they shall drive to Jotunheimr.

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At that, Freyja is furious—the halls of the gods shake, she snorts in anger, and from the goddess the necklace Brisingamen falls.

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In doing so, Freyja turns Ottar into her boar, Hildisvini, and, by means of flattery and threats of death by fire, Freyja successfully pries the information that Ottar needs from the jotunn Hyndla.

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Freyja speaks throughout the poem, and at one point praises Ottar for constructing a horgr and frequently making blot to her:.

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Freyja appears in the Prose Edda books Gylfaginning and Skaldskaparmal.

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High adds that Freyja has a particular fondness for love songs, and that "it is good to pray to her concerning love affairs".

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Freyja is married to Oðr, who goes on long travels, and the two have a very fair daughter by the name of Hnoss.

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High notes that Freyja has many names, and explains that this is because Freyja adopted them when looking for Oðr and traveling "among strange peoples".

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Freyja plays a part in the events leading to the birth of Sleipnir, the eight-legged horse.

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In chapter 49, High recalls the funeral of Baldr and says that Freyja attended the funeral and there drove her cat-chariot, the final reference to the goddess in Gylfaginning.

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At the beginning of the book Skaldskaparmal, Freyja is mentioned among eight goddesses attending a banquet held for Ægir.

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Freyja allows it, and using her "falcon shape" and a furious chase by eagle-Þjazi, Loki successfully returns her.

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Freyja is the only one of them that dares to bring him more to drink.

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Thor is furious and demands to know who is responsible for letting a jotunn in to Asgard, who guaranteed Hrungnir safety, and why Freyja "should be serving him drink as if at the Æsir's banquet".

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Freyja receives a final mention in the Prose Edda in chapter 75, where a list of goddesses is provided that includes Freyja.

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In chapter 4, Freyja is introduced as a member of the Vanir, the sister of Freyr, and the daughter of Njorðr and his sister .

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Freyja becomes the priestess of sacrificial offerings and it was she who introduced the practice of seiðr to the Æsir, previously only practiced by the Vanir.

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Freyja is mentioned in the sagas Egils saga, Njals saga, Halfs saga ok Halfsrekka, and in Sorla þattr.

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Freyja tells the two women that he would keep whichever of them that brews the better ale for him by the time he has returned home in the summer.

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Freyja was the daughter of Njorðr, and was Odin's concubine.

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Freyja had a beautiful bower, and when the door was shut no one could enter without Freyja's permission.

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Freyja offered to buy the collar from them with silver and gold and other items of value.

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Freyja landed on her bed and noticed that she was wearing the necklace, the clasp turned downward.

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Freyja's told Odin of the malice he had allowed against her and of the theft of her necklace, and that he should give her back her jewelry.

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In Iceland, Freyja was called upon for assistance by way of Icelandic magical staves as late as the 18th century; and as late as the 19th century, Freyja is recorded as retaining elements of her role as a fertility goddess among rural Swedes.

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In Varend, Sweden, Freyja could arrive at Christmas night and she used to shake the apple trees for the sake of a good harvest and consequently people left some apples in the trees for her sake.

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Place names containing Freyja are yet more numerous and varied in Sweden, where they are widely distributed.

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Nasstrom notes that, just like Odin, Freyja receives slain heroes who have died on the battlefield, and that her house is Sessrumnir, a dwelling that Nasstrom posits likely fills the same function as Valhalla.

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Freyja is mentioned in the first stanza of the civil national anthem of Denmark, Der er et yndigt land, written by 19th century Danish poet Adam Gottlob Oehlenschlager in 1819.

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Vanadis, one of Freyja's names, is the source of the name of the chemical element vanadium, so named because of its many colored compounds.

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Freyja is featured in several video games such as the 2002 Ensemble Studios game Age of Mythology, where she is one of nine minor gods Norse players can worship.

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Freyja's is featured in the 2018 Santa Monica Studio game God of War, where she has the role of both a supporting protagonist and antagonist.

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Freyja's is set to appear in the game's sequel, God of War Ragnarok, which was scheduled to be released in 2022.

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Freyja is called upon for protection, usually when it comes to a domestic violence situation.

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