47 Facts About George Shultz

1. George Shultz wrote a 1,184-page best-selling memoir, Turmoil and Triumph: My Years as Secretary of State.

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2. George Shultz received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest award given to a civilian, on 19 January 1989.

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3. George Shultz had the respect of all for his principles, flexibility, and intelligence.

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4. George Shultz garnered his secretary of labor post on 11 December 1968 by successfully heading up a Republican task force to develop economic proposals and recommendations for Nixon to implement if elected president.

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5. George Shultz served in the first of his government posts when he was appointed as a senior staff economist to President Dwight Eisenhower's Council of Economic Advisors in 1957.

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6. George Shultz has written several works on economic policy and labor relations.

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7. George Shultz authored a semi-autobiographical novel, Turmoil and Triumph: My Years as Secretary of State, which was well reviewed.

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8. George Shultz resigned from government service in March 1974 and entered the business community.

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9. George Shultz stayed on at the university until 1957 to teach industrial relations.

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10. At the time, George Shultz was a board member at the company.

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11. In 1997, George Shultz married Charlotte Mailliard Swig, a prominent San Francisco philanthropist and socialite.

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12. George Shultz currently sits on the board of directors for Xyleco.

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13. George Shultz is an Advisory Board Member of Spirit of America, a 50(3) organization that supports the safety and success of Americans serving abroad and the local people and partners they seek to help.

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14. George Shultz is honorary chairman of the Israel Democracy Institute.

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15. George Shultz serves as an Advisory Board member for the Partnership for a Secure America and Citizens' Climate Lobby.

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16. George Shultz is a leader of the Climate Leadership Council, along with Henry Paulson and James Baker.

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17. On January 11, 2011, George Shultz wrote a letter to President Barack Obama urging him to pardon Jonathan Pollard.

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18. On January 15, 2008, George Shultz co-authored an opinion paper in The Wall Street Journal that called on governments to embrace the vision of a world free of nuclear weapons.

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19. In 2003, George Shultz served as co-chair of California's Economic Recovery Council, an advisory group to the campaign of California gubernatorial candidate Arnold Schwarzenegger.

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20. In 2005, George Shultz spoke out against the Cuban embargo, calling the policy "insane".

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21. George Shultz occasionally advised Bush and his administration, such as in a January 2006 meeting at the White House of former Secretaries of Defense and State to discuss United States foreign policy with Bush administration officials.

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22. George Shultz went on to add his signature to an advertisement, published in The New York Times on June 8, 1998, headlined "We believe the global war on drugs is causing more harm than drug abuse itself.

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23. George Shultz was opposed to any negotiation with the government of Daniel Ortega: "Negotiations are a euphemism for capitulation if the shadow of power is not cast across the bargaining table.

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24. George Shultz was well known for outspoken opposition to the "arms for hostages" scandal that would eventually become known as the Iran-Contra Affair.

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25. George Shultz resolved this "poisonous problem" in December 1982, when the United States agreed to abandon sanctions against the pipeline and the Europeans agreed to adopt stricter controls on strategic trade with the Soviets.

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26. George Shultz inherited negotiations with China over Taiwan from his predecessor.

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27. George Shultz relied primarily on the Foreign Service to formulate and implement Reagan's foreign policy.

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28. George Shultz served for six and a half years, the longest tenure since Dean Rusk's.

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29. On July 16, 1982, George Shultz was appointed by President Ronald Reagan as the 60th US Secretary of State, replacing Alexander Haig, who had resigned.

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30. George Shultz is one of only two individuals to serve in four United States Cabinet positions within the United States government, the other being Elliot Richardson.

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31. George Shultz resigned shortly before Nixon to return to private life.

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32. George Shultz was United States Secretary of the Treasury from June 1972 to May 1974.

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33. George Shultz became the first director of the Office of Management and Budget, the renamed and reorganized Bureau of the Budget, on July 1, 1970.

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34. George Shultz imposed the Philadelphia Plan requiring Pennsylvania construction unions, which refused to accept black members, to admit a certain number of blacks by an enforced deadline.

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35. George Shultz was President Richard Nixon's Secretary of Labor from 1969 to 1970.

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36. George Shultz left the University of Chicago to serve for President Richard Nixon in 1969.

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37. In 1957, George Shultz left MIT and joined the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business as a professor of industrial relations, and he served as the Graduate School of Business Dean from 1962 to 1968.

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38. George Shultz was an artillery officer, attaining the rank of captain.

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39. In 1938, George Shultz graduated from the elite private preparatory boarding high school, Loomis Chaffee School in Windsor, Connecticut.

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40. George Shultz was born December 13, 1920, in New York City, the only child of Margaret Lennox and Birl Earl Shultz, and grew up in Englewood, New Jersey.

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41. George Shultz is a member of the Hoover Institution, the Institute for International Economics, the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, and other groups.

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42. George Shultz served as an informal adviser to George W Bush and helped formulate the Bush Doctrine of preemptive war.

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43. George Shultz opposed the US aid to rebels trying to overthrow the Sandinistas using funds from an illegal sale of weapons to Iran that led to the Iran–Contra affair.

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44. George Shultz pushed for Reagan to establish relations with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, which led to a thaw between the United States and the Soviet Union.

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45. George Shultz left the Nixon administration in 1974 to become an executive at Bechtel.

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46. In that role, George Shultz supported the Nixon shock and presided over the end of the Bretton Woods system.

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47. George Shultz served in various positions under three different Republican presidents.

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