24 Facts About Heilbronn


At the beginning of the 19th century, Heilbronn became one of the centres of early industrialisation in Wurttemberg.

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The fertile Neckar floodplains in the Heilbronn basin aided early settlement by farmers and ranchers.

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In 741, Heilbronn is first mentioned in an official document of the Diocese of Wurzburg as villa Helibrunna, and in 841, King Louis the German set up court here for a period of time.

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In 1225, Heilbronn was incorporated into the Hohenstaufen Empire as oppidum Heilecbrunnen.

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Now Heilbronn needed to answer only to the Emperor and as such was an Imperial Free City.

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Gotz von Berlichingen spent three years in "knightly custody" in Heilbronn starting in 1519 and even spent a night in the tower of the bastion.

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In 1538 Heilbronn joined the Schmalkaldic League but by 1546 squabbles between troops of the Schmalkaldic League and those of the Emperor Charles V escalated into battles that were won by the Emperor.

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In 1631 Heilbronn was occupied by imperial troops but the same year the Swedes succeeded in conquering the city.

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From 1644 through 1647, Heilbronn was again part of the Holy Roman Empire, but then French troops moved in and later those of the Electorate of the Palatinate.

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In 1880, the Kraichgau line was completed and created an important connection towards Karlsruhe, and by the end of the 19th century, Heilbronn had become an important hub, second in Wuerttemburg to Stuttgart in industrial output.

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Year 1892 brought a connection to the power plant in Lauffen; thus Heilbronn became the first city in the world to enjoy long-distance electric power.

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Opening of the Autobahn A 6 from Heilbronn to Mannheim in 1968 was an important economic event.

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Ever since the Franks under Chlodwig settled in the Neckar region around 500 the area has been predominantly Christian and when Heilbronn was first mentioned in an official document in 741 Christian Michaelsbasilica, present day's Kilianskirche, was mentioned along with the city.

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The Catholic parishes belong to the Deacony Heilbronn and are part of the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart.

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State elections to the Landtag of Baden-Wurttemberg Heilbronn makes up an electoral district together with Erlenbach.

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Together with the adjacent Logentheater of the Theaterforum K3, completed in 2001, the Salon 3 and the BOXX the Heilbronn Theatre offers drama, musical and opera performances.

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Theaterschiff Heilbronn, located on the Neckar river, offers changing performances.

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Wurttemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn, founded in 1960 by Jorg Faerber, is one of the best known German chamber orchestras.

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The Eisbaren Heilbronn is the second ice hockey team, which is playing in the regional league South-West in Baden-Wurttemberg.

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Viticulture has a long tradition in Heilbronn and is an important part of its economy to this day.

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In 1888, the vintners of the Heilbronn area combined and formed the Weingartnergesellschaft Heilbronn, a cooperative.

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In 1933, that cooperative then merged with the competing cooperative Winzergenossenschaft Heilbronn that had formed in 1919 and that cooperative again merged with the Vintner cooperatives of Erlenbach and Weinsberg to form the Genossenschaftskellerei Heilbronn-Erlenbach-Weinsberg with seat just outside the city limits in Erlenbach.

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City of Heilbronn is readily accessible by road courtesy of the Weinsberg Intersection just to the northeast of the city, the intersection of the Autobahn A 81 from Wurzburg to Gottmadingen and the A 6 from Saarbrucken to Waidhaus.

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Since 1971 the school was known as the Fachhochschule Heilbronn and has operated a secondary campus in Kunzelsau since 1988.

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