66 Facts About Stuttgart


Stuttgart is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Wurttemberg.

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Stuttgart was one of the host cities for the official tournaments of the 1974 and 2006 FIFA World Cups.

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Under current plans to improve transport links to the international infrastructure, Stuttgart unveiled a new city logo and slogan in March 2008, describing itself as "" .

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Since the seventh millennium BC, the Stuttgart area has been an important agricultural area and has been host to a number of cultures seeking to utilize the rich soil of the Neckar valley.

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Stuttgart's roots were truly laid in the tenth century with its founding by Liudolf, Duke of Swabia, as a stud farm for his warhorses.

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The fortunes of Stuttgart turned with those of the House of Wurttemberg, and they made it the capital of their county, duchy, and kingdom from the 15th century to 1918.

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Stuttgart prospered despite setbacks in the Thirty Years' War and devastating air raids by the Allies on the city and its automobile production during World War II.

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Stuttgart is known for its strong high-tech industry, especially in the automotive sector.

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Stuttgart is an important financial center; the Stuttgart Stock Exchange is the second largest in Germany, and the Landesbank Baden-Wurttemberg is Germany's largest Landesbank.

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Stuttgart is a major transport junction; it is among the most congested conurbations of Europe, and its airport is the sixth-busiest in Germany .

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In 1488, Stuttgart officially became the de facto residence of the Count himself as opposed to the location of his home, the Old Castle.

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Stuttgart accepted, was named Court Preacher in Stuttgart, and worked in concert with Ambrosius Blarer until his dismissal following his resistance to the Augsburg Interim by the Duke in 1548.

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Stuttgart had grown up in a Wurttemberg in turmoil, and wished to rebuild its image.

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The Habsburgs had full reign of the city for another four years, and in that time Stuttgart had to carry the burden of billeting the pro-Habsburg armies in Swabia.

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Stuttgart commissioned the construction of the New Castle in 1746, Castle Solitude in 1763, Castle Hohenheim in 1785, and the Karlsschule in 1770.

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The rule of Charles Eugene saw the tutoring and origins of Friedrich Schiller in Stuttgart, who studied medicine and completed The Robbers here.

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Stuttgart was proclaimed capital once more when Wurttemberg became an electorate in 1803, and was yet again named as capital when the Kingdom of Wurttemberg was formed in 1805 by the Peace of Pressburg.

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When internal divisions of the Frankfurt Parliament began the demise of that congress, the majority of the Frankfurt Congress voted to move to Stuttgart to flee the reach of the Prussian and Austrian armies in Frankfurt and Mainz.

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Stuttgart is purported to be the location of the automobile's invention by Karl Benz and then industrialized by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in a small workshop in Bad Cannstatt that would become Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft in 1887.

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Two years later, the current iteration of the Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof was completed according to plan by Paul Bonatz from 1914 to 1927.

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The next major air raid on Stuttgart occurred 15 September 1918, when structural damage caused house collapses that killed eleven people.

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In 1920, Stuttgart temporarily became the seat of the German National Government when the administration fled from Berlin from the Kapp Putsch.

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The first prototypes of the Volkswagen Beetle were manufactured in Stuttgart, according to designs by Ferdinand Porsche, by a design team including Erwin Komenda and Karl Rabe.

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In totality, Stuttgart was subjected to 53 bombing raids, resulting in the destruction of 57.

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The circumstances of what later became known as "The Stuttgart Crisis" provoked political repercussions that reached even the White House.

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Stuttgart then became capital of Wurttemberg-Baden, one of the three areas of Allied occupation in Baden-Wurttemberg, from 1945 until 1952.

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Stuttgart's speech led to the unification of the British and American occupation zones, resulting in the 'bi-zone' .

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Klett's Stuttgart saw two major media events: the same year the partnership with Strasbourg was finalized, then French president Charles de Gaulle visited the city and Ludwigsburg Palace in the ending moments of his state visit to Germany, and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom visited the city 24 May 1965.

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Since the 1950s, Stuttgart has been the third largest city in southern Germany behind Frankfurt and Munich.

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Since the monumental happenings of the 1980s, Stuttgart has continued being an important centre of not just Europe, but the world.

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In 2003, Stuttgart applied for the 2012 Summer Olympics but failed in their bid when the German Committee for the Olympics decided on Leipzig to host the Olympics in Germany.

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Stuttgart still experienced some growing pains even long after its recovery from the Second World War.

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The withdrawal of VII Corps caused a large reduction in the US military presence in the city and region and led to the closure of the majority of US installations in and around Stuttgart which resulted in the layoff of many local civilians who had been career employees of the US Army.

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The remaining U S bases around Stuttgart are organized into US Army Garrison Stuttgart and include Patch Barracks, Robinson Barracks, Panzer Kaserne and Kelley Barracks.

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The most prominent elevated locales in Stuttgart are the Birkenkopf on the edge of the Stuttgart basin, the Wurttemberg rising above the Neckar valley, and the Gruner Heiner at the northeast end of the city.

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Stuttgart is known for its rich cultural heritage, in particular its State Theatre and State Gallery .

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Stuttgart Ballet is connected to names like John Cranko and Marcia Haydee.

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In 1993 Stuttgart hosted the International Garden Show in the suburb of Killesberg.

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In 2007, Stuttgart hosted the 2007 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships.

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Stuttgart is home to five of the eleven state museums in Baden-Wurttemberg.

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Stuttgart is the seat of a Protestant bishop and one of the two co-seats of the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart.

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The Stuttgart-based Pentecostal Gospel Forum is the largest place of worship in Germany.

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Stuttgart University Library is a central institution of the University of Stuttgart.

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Central State Archive Stuttgart is the archive in charge of the Ministries of the State of Baden-Wurttemberg.

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Stadtarchiv Stuttgart is the archive in charge of the provincial capital Stuttgart.

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Religious landscape in Stuttgart changed in 1534 as a direct result of the Reformation.

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Unemployment in the Stuttgart Region is above the average of Baden-Wurttemberg, but very low compared to other metropolitan areas in Germany.

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When Stuttgart was run as a the Duchy of Wurttemberg, it was governed by a type of protectorate called a Vogt appointed by the Duke.

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Current mayor of Stuttgart is Frank Nopper of the Christian Democratic Union since 2020.

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City of Stuttgart is administratively divided into 23 city districts – five "inner" districts and 18 "outer" districts.

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Stuttgart has the highest general standard of prosperity of any city in Germany.

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Wine remained Stuttgart's leading source of income well into the 19th century.

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Stuttgart has Germany's second-highest number of institutions of applied research of the Fraunhofer Society .

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Since 1985 Stuttgart is home to the International School of Stuttgart, one of fewer than 100 schools worldwide that offer all three International Baccalaureate programs- the IB Primary Years, IB Middle Years, IB Diploma .

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The International School of Stuttgart is accredited by both the Council of International Schools and the New England Association of Schools and Colleges.

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Peculiarity of Stuttgart is the Zahnradbahn, a rack railway that is powered by electricity and operates between Marienplatz in the southern inner-city district of the city and the district of Degerloch.

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Stuttgart has a Standseilbahn, a funicular railway that operates in the Heslach area and the forest cemetery .

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Stuttgart is a hub in the Intercity-Express and Intercity networks of Deutsche Bahn AG, with through services to most other major German cities.

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Stuttgart has its own rail freight centre with marshalling yards and a container terminal in the Oberturkheim area of Hedelfingen.

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Stuttgart airport is Germany's only international airport with one runway.

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Stuttgart is served by Autobahn A8, that runs east–west from Karlsruhe to Munich, and Autobahn A81 that runs north–south from Wurzburg to Singen.

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Besides these Autobahns, Stuttgart is served by a large number of expressways, many of which are built to Autobahn standards, and were once intended to carry an A-number.

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TC Weissenhof is a Stuttgart-based women's tennis team that has won the German championship four times.

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Stuttgart has hosted the Stihl Timbersports Series in world logging championships.

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Stuttgart has a reputation for staging major events, including the FIFA World Cup 1974, the finals stages of the FIBA EuroBasket 1985, the UEFA Euro 1988, and the World Championships in Athletics 1993.

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Stuttgart was 2007 European Capital of Sport, hosting events such as the UCI World Cycling Championships Road Race and the IAAF World Athletics Final.

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