19 Facts About Karlsruhe


Karlsruhe was the capital of the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach, the Margraviate of Baden, the Electorate of Baden, the Grand Duchy of Baden, and the Republic of Baden .

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The market square has the town hall to the west, the main Lutheran church to the east, and the tomb of Margrave Charles III William in a pyramid in the buildings, resulting in Karlsruhe being one of only three large cities in Germany where buildings are laid out in the neoclassical style.

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In 2008, the weather station in Karlsruhe, which had been in operation since 1876, was closed; it was replaced by a weather station in Rheinstetten, south of Karlsruhe.

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Karlsruhe became the capital of Baden-Durlach, and, in 1771, of the united Baden until 1945.

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Karlsruhe was visited by Thomas Jefferson during his time as the American envoy to France; when Pierre Charles L'Enfant was planning the layout of Washington, D C, Jefferson passed to him maps of 12 European towns to consult, one of which was a sketch he had made of Karlsruhe during his visit.

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Karlsruhe Palace is an interesting piece of architecture; the adjacent Schlossgarten includes the Botanical Garden with a palm, cactus and orchid house, and walking paths through the woods to the north.

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Karlsruhe is home to a natural history museum, an opera house, as well as a number of independent theatres and art galleries.

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Karlsruhe's newly renovated art museum is one of the most important art museums in Baden-Wurttemberg.

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Karlsruhe is home to the Majolika-Manufaktur, the only art-ceramics pottery studio in Germany.

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Karlsruhe is the seat of the German Federal Constitutional Court and the highest Court of Appeals in civil and criminal cases, the Bundesgerichtshof.

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Current mayor of Karlsruhe is Frank Mentrup of the Social Democratic Party since 2013.

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Verkehrsbetriebe Karlsruhe operates the city's urban public transport network, comprising seven tram routes and a network of bus routes.

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Karlsruhe is at the Bundesautobahn 5 and the Bundesstraße 10.

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The well-known German-Israeli artist Leo Kahn studied in Karlsruhe before leaving for France and Israel in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Karlsruhe has memorialized its Jewish community and notable pre-war synagogues with a memorial park.

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Karlsruhe is a renowned research and study centre, with one of Germany's finest institutions of higher education.

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Academy of Fine Arts, Karlsruhe is one of the smallest universities in Germany, with average 300 students.

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The Hochschule fur Musik Karlsruhe is a music conservatory that offers degrees in composition, music performance, education, and radio journalism.

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Furthermore, the University of Education Karlsruhe offers a Master program for Biodiversity and Environmental Education.

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