17 Facts About Ioannina


Ioannina surrendered to the Ottomans in 1430 and until 1868 it was the administrative center of the Pashalik of Yanina.

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Ioannina was ceded to Greece in 1913 following the Balkan Wars.

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Exact time of Ioannina's foundation is unknown, but it is commonly identified with an unnamed new, "well-fortified" city, recorded by the historian Procopius as having been built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I for the inhabitants of ancient Euroia.

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In 1389, Ioannina was besieged by John Bua Spata, and only with the aid of an Ottoman army was Esau able to repel the Albanians.

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Under Ottoman rule, Ioannina remained an administrative centre, as the seat of the Sanjak of Ioannina, and experienced a period of relative stability and prosperity.

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Communities of people from Ioannina living abroad were active in financing the construction of most of the city's churches, schools and other elegant buildings of charitable establishments.

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Ioannina was incorporated into the Greek state on 21 February 1913 after the Battle of Bizani in the First Balkan War.

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University of Ioannina was founded in 1970; until then, higher education faculties in the city had been part of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

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Only 181 Ioannina Jews are known to have survived the war, including 112 who survived Auschwitz and 69 who fled to join the resistance leader Napoleon Zervas and the National Republican Greek League .

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Present municipality Ioannina was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 6 former municipalities, that became municipal units :.

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Ioannina has a borderline humid subtropical and Mediterranean climate in the Koppen climate classification, and is tempered by its inland location and elevation.

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One of the most notable attractions of Ioannina is the inhabited island of Lake Pamvotis which is simply referred to as Island of Ioannina.

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The old Jewish Synagogue of Ioannina is within the walls of the castle and is one of the oldest and largest buildings of its type surviving in Greece.

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The municipal clock tower of Ioannina, designed by local architect Periklis Meliritos, was erected in 1905 to celebrate the Jubilee of sultan Abdul Hamid II.

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The Municipal Art Gallery of Ioannina is housed in the Pyrsinella neoclassical building dating from around 1890.

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University of Ioannina is a university five kilometres southwest of Ioannina.

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Ioannina is home to a major sports team called PAS Giannina.

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