33 Facts About Iron Dome


Iron Dome is a mobile all-weather air defense system developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and Israel Aerospace Industries.

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Iron Dome was declared operational and initially deployed on 27 March 2011 near Beersheba.

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Iron Dome helped persuade key politicians to support the project.

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Iron Dome's suggested the name 'Tamir' for the missile, and for the system itself we thought of 'Golden Dome'.

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Reportedly, each Iron Dome battery is capable of protecting an urban area of approximately 150 square kilometers.

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Iron Dome said the US is "deep in challenges itself", so it does not want to "give money for the sake of it".

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The committee notes that the Iron Dome system has proven very effective at defeating threat rockets launched at protected targets.

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In 2007, Israel commissioned the development of Iron Dome, choosing Israeli contractor Rafael over the American giant Lockheed Martin.

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Iron Dome went from the drawing board to combat readiness within less than four years, a remarkably short period of time for a weapons system designed from scratch, according to military experts.

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The C-Iron Dome will be used on the Israeli Navy's Sa'ar 6-class corvettes.

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On 27 November 2017, the Israeli military declared initial operational capability for the C-Iron Dome, completing more than 18 months of integration and design work.

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Iron Dome has been pitched to the IDF as a more cost-effective anti-aircraft system to intercept unmanned aerial vehicles.

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In July 2015, Rafael released video footage of Iron Dome interceptors destroying several low and high-flying UAVs in a test.

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Iron Dome says the system is capable of destroying armed UAVs before they can get close enough to release their munitions, and most medium-altitude reconnaissance UAVs before they are close enough to survey an area.

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In June 2016, it was revealed that the Iron Dome had been tested to successfully intercept salvos of artillery shells, which are typically difficult to destroy because of the need to penetrate the thickness of their metal casings to get to the warhead, and "multiple" air-to-ground precision guided munitions similar to the Joint Direct Attack Munition .

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Iron Dome system began operating in early 2011, initially deployed at air force bases in southern Israel.

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Brigadier-General Doron Gavish, commander of Israel's air defense corps, said Iron Dome had passed a series of tests and reached its "evaluation phase" in the field.

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Israel Air Force officials estimated the number of Iron Dome systems needed to cover threatened areas as thirteen.

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Iron Dome spoke to The Jerusalem Post ahead of the Air Defense Division's largest-ever draft of soldiers needed to fill the ranks of its increasing number of units and battalions.

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Iron Dome intercepted five of them successfully, but one penetrated the defense system, exploding in a residential area and killing a man.

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The Iron Dome system had successfully intercepted at least 56 rockets in 71 attempts.

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On 11 July 2012, Ynetnews reported that on that day the Iron Dome system was deployed in the greater Eilat area as a part of an IDF survey meant to test it in various areas across Israel.

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Iron Dome system intercepted 100 rockets that were launched from the Gaza Strip in mid-November 2018.

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Two Iron Dome batteries were to be deployed on each of the Israeli Navy's Sa'ar 6-class corvettes, which are in charge of guarding the natural gas platforms off Israel's coast and its shipping lanes.

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In November 2012, during Operation Pillar of Defense, the Iron Dome's effectiveness was estimated by Israeli officials at between 75 and 95 percent.

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Defense consultant Steven Zaloga stated that Iron Dome's destruction of 90 percent of missiles it targeted is "an extremely high level", above that usually expected for air defense systems.

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In 2010, before the system was declared operational, Iron Dome was criticized by Reuven Pedatzur, a military analyst, former fighter pilot and professor of political science at Tel Aviv University for costing too much compared to the cost of a Qassam rocket, so that launching very large numbers of Qassams could essentially attack Israel's financial means.

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Iron Dome is significantly less effective against very short-distance saturation strikes.

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Iron Dome was built [for protection] against slow, low-altitude, low-impact missiles that were basically made in garages.

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Report's claims appear puzzling, to say the least, particularly the contention that Iron Dome did not succeed in causing the rocket's warhead to explode.

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From this half-blind sky picture, he guessed interception geometries that, when matched with his own gross underestimation of Iron Dome performance, yielded an intuitive estimate of a 5 percent to 10 percent success rate.

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Those estimates suggest Iron Dome intercepted 59 to 75 percent of all threatening rockets during Protective Edge.

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Study further estimated that improvements in Israeli civil defenses, such as warning sirens and hardened shelters, were at least as good as Iron Dome at reducing civilian deaths and injuries from rockets.

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