212 Facts About Jeremy Corbyn

1.

Jeremy Bernard Corbyn is a British politician who served as Leader of the Opposition and Leader of the Labour Party from 2015 to 2020.

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2.

Jeremy Corbyn has been Member of Parliament for Islington North since 1983.

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3.

Jeremy Corbyn sits in the House of Commons as an independent, having had the whip removed in October 2020.

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4.

Jeremy Corbyn's activism has included roles in Anti-Fascist Action, the Anti-Apartheid Movement, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, and advocating for a united Ireland and Palestinian statehood.

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5.

Jeremy Corbyn has condemned antisemitism, but has been criticised by political opponents for his past associations with individuals accused of antisemitism, and an Equality and Human Rights Commission inquiry into antisemitism found the Labour Party under his leadership was responsible for unlawful acts of discrimination and harassment.

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6.

In 2019, after deadlock in Parliament over Brexit, Jeremy Corbyn endorsed holding a referendum on the withdrawal agreement, with a personal stance of neutrality.

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7.

Jeremy Corbyn said he would not lead Labour into the next election, triggering a leadership election in 2020 that was won by Keir Starmer, his Shadow Brexit Secretary.

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8.

Jeremy Corbyn was suspended from Labour Party membership in October 2020 after stating antisemitism in the party had been overstated for political reasons.

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9.

The membership suspension was lifted a month later after Jeremy Corbyn was issued with a formal warning by a party disciplinary panel, but the Labour leadership declined to restore the whip, denying readmission to the parliamentary party pending an apology and retraction of his comments.

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10.

Jeremy Corbyn was born on 26 May 1949 in Chippenham, Wiltshire, and lived until the age of seven in the nearby village of Kington St Michael.

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11.

Jeremy Corbyn is the youngest of the four sons of Naomi Loveday, a maths teacher, and David Benjamin Corbyn, an electrical engineer and expert in power rectifiers.

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12.

Jeremy Corbyn's brother Piers Corbyn is a physicist, meteorologist and weather forecaster.

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13.

Jeremy Corbyn's parents were Labour Party members and peace campaigners who met in the 1930s at a committee meeting in support of the Spanish Republic at Conway Hall during the Spanish Civil War.

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14.

When Jeremy Corbyn was seven, the family moved to Pave Lane in Shropshire, where his father bought Yew Tree Manor, a 17th-century country house which was once part of the Duke of Sutherland's Lilleshall estate.

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15.

Jeremy Corbyn joined the Labour Party at age 16 and achieved two A-Levels, at grade E, the lowest-possible passing grade, before leaving school at 18.

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16.

Jeremy Corbyn joined the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in 1966 whilst at school and later became one of its three vice-chairs and subsequently vice-president.

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17.

Jeremy Corbyn subsequently travelled through Latin America in 1969 and 1970, visiting Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Chile.

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18.

Jeremy Corbyn began a course in Trade Union Studies at North London Polytechnic but left after a year without a degree after a series of arguments with his tutors over the curriculum.

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19.

Jeremy Corbyn was appointed a member of a district health authority and in early 1974, at the age of 24, he was elected to Haringey Council in South Hornsey ward.

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20.

Jeremy Corbyn spoke in another debate, describing a motion calling for greater support for law and order as "more appropriate to the National Front than to the Labour Party".

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21.

Jeremy Corbyn became the local Labour Party's agent and organiser, and had responsibility for the 1979 general election campaign in Hornsey.

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22.

Michael Crick in his 2016 edition of Militant says Jeremy Corbyn was "a member of the editorial board", as does Lansley, Goss and Wolmar's 1989 work, The Rise and Fall of the Municipal Left.

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23.

Jeremy Corbyn worked on Tony Benn's unsuccessful deputy leadership campaign in 1981.

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24.

Jeremy Corbyn was selected as the Labour Party candidate for the constituency of Islington North, in February 1982, winning the final ballot for selection by 39 votes against 35 for GLC councillor Paul Boateng, who in 1987 became one of the first three Black British Members of Parliament .

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25.

In 1983, Jeremy Corbyn spoke on a "no socialism without gay liberation" platform and continued to campaign for LGBT rights.

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26.

Jeremy Corbyn was a campaigner against apartheid in South Africa, serving on the National Executive of the Anti-Apartheid Movement, and was arrested in 1984 while demonstrating outside South Africa House, leading, decades later, to a viral image of Corbyn being arrested circulated by supporters on social media.

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27.

In 1990, Jeremy Corbyn opposed the poll tax and nearly went to jail for not paying the tax.

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28.

Jeremy Corbyn supported the campaign to overturn the convictions of Jawad Botmeh and Samar Alami for the 1994 bombing of the Israeli Embassy in London which argued that there was insufficient evidence to tie them to the act, along with Amnesty International, Unison and a number of journalists and other MPs.

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29.

Jeremy Corbyn sat on the Social Security Select Committee from 1992 to 1997.

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30.

Longstanding supporter of a united Ireland, in the 1980s Jeremy Corbyn met Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams a number of times.

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31.

Jeremy Corbyn consistently stated that he maintained links with Sinn Fein in order to work for a resolution to the armed conflict.

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32.

Jeremy Corbyn met Adams at the 1983 and 1989 Labour conferences and in 1983 at Westminster, along with a number of other Labour MPs.

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33.

In 1986, Jeremy Corbyn was arrested with 15 demonstrators protesting against what they saw as weak evidence and poor treatment during the trial of a group of IRA members including Patrick Magee, who was convicted of the Brighton hotel bombing and other attacks.

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34.

In 1994, Jeremy Corbyn signed a Commons motion condemning the 1974 Birmingham pub bombings, which killed 21 people.

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35.

In 2017, Jeremy Corbyn said that he had "never met the IRA", although Shadow Home Secretary Diane Abbott later clarified that although he had met members of the IRA, "he met with them in their capacity as activists in Sinn Fein".

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36.

Between 1997 and 2010, during the most recent Labour Government, Jeremy Corbyn was the Labour MP who voted most often against the party whip, including three-line whip votes.

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37.

Jeremy Corbyn sat on the London Regional Select Committee from 2009 to 2010.

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38.

In October 2001, Jeremy Corbyn was elected to the steering committee of the Stop the War Coalition, which was formed to oppose the War in Afghanistan which started later that year.

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39.

Jeremy Corbyn cited "the deployment of troops to Afghanistan and the threat of bombing Iraq" as examples.

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40.

Jeremy Corbyn was vehemently opposed to the Iraq War in 2003, and spoke at dozens of anti-war rallies in Britain and overseas.

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41.

In 2006, Jeremy Corbyn was one of 12 Labour MPs to support Plaid Cymru and the Scottish National Party's call for a parliamentary inquiry into the Iraq War.

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42.

Jeremy Corbyn was elected chair of the coalition in succession to Andrew Murray in September 2011, but resigned once he became Leader of the Labour Party in September 2015.

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43.

Jeremy Corbyn is a member of a number of Parliamentary Trade Union Groups: he is sponsored by several trade unions, including UNISON, Unite and the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers.

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44.

Jeremy Corbyn is a supporter of the Unite Against Fascism pressure group.

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45.

Jeremy Corbyn was chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on the Chagos Islands, chair of the APPG on Mexico, Vice-Chair of the APPG on Latin America and vice-chair of the APPG on Human Rights.

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46.

Jeremy Corbyn has advocated for the rights of the forcibly removed Chagossians to return to the British Indian Ocean Territory.

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47.

Jeremy Corbyn appeared on a call-in show on Press TV, an Iranian government television channel, several times between 2009 and 2012.

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48.

Jeremy Corbyn was criticised for appearing on the channel in light of Iran executing and imprisoning homosexuals, as well as Corbyn not questioning contributors who called the BBC "Zionist liars" and described Israel as a "disease".

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49.

Jeremy Corbyn said in response that he used the programme to address "human rights issues" and that his appearance fee was "not an enormous amount" and was used to help meet constituency office costs.

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50.

Jeremy Corbyn was one of 16 signatories to an open letter to Ed Miliband in January 2015 calling for Labour to make a commitment to opposing further austerity, to take rail franchises back into public ownership, and to strengthen collective bargaining arrangements.

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51.

Jeremy Corbyn sat on the Justice Select Committee from 2010 to 2015.

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52.

Jeremy Corbyn decided to stand as a candidate, having been disillusioned by the lack of a left-wing voice, and said to his local newspaper, The Islington Tribune, that he would have a "clear anti-austerity platform".

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53.

Jeremy Corbyn said he would vote to scrap the Trident nuclear weapons system and would "seek to withdraw from Nato".

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54.

Jeremy Corbyn suggested that Britain should establish a national investment bank to boost house-building and improve economic growth and lift wages in areas that had less investment in infrastructure.

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55.

Jeremy Corbyn indicated that, if he were elected, policies that he put forward would need to be approved by party members before being adopted and that he wanted to "implement the democratic will of our party".

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56.

Several who nominated Jeremy Corbyn later said they had ensured he had enough votes to stand, more to widen the political debate within the party than because of a desire or expectation that he would win.

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57.

At the Second Reading of the Welfare Reform and Work Bill in July 2015, Jeremy Corbyn joined 47 Labour MPs to oppose the Bill, describing it as "rotten and indefensible", whilst the other three leadership candidates abstained under direction from interim leader Harriet Harman.

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58.

Jeremy Corbyn rapidly became the frontrunner among the candidates and was perceived to benefit from a large influx of new members.

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59.

Jeremy Corbyn was elected party leader in a landslide victory on 12 September 2015 with 59.

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60.

Chant of "Oh, Jeremy Corbyn" was adopted as an anthem or chorus by his supporters.

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61.

Jeremy Corbyn delivered his first Labour Party Conference address as leader on 29 September 2015.

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62.

In September 2015 an unnamed senior serving general in the British Army stated that a mutiny by the Army could occur if a future Jeremy Corbyn government moved to scrap Trident, pull out of Nato or reduce the size of the armed forces.

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63.

Jeremy Corbyn appointed his leadership campaign manager and long-standing political ally John McDonnell as Shadow Chancellor, leadership opponent Andy Burnham as Shadow Home Secretary, and Angela Eagle as Shadow First Secretary of State to deputise for him in the House of Commons.

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64.

Jeremy Corbyn promoted a number of female backbench MPs to Shadow Cabinet roles, including Diane Abbott, Heidi Alexander and Lisa Nandy, making his the first Shadow Cabinet with more women than men, although the most senior roles went to men.

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65.

In October 2015, Jeremy Corbyn appointed the Guardian journalist Seumas Milne as the Labour Party's Executive Director of Strategy and Communications.

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66.

Jeremy Corbyn warned against "external intervention" in Syria but told delegates that Labour would "consider the proposals the Government brings forward".

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67.

Jeremy Corbyn eventually agreed that Labour MPs would be given a free vote on air strikes when the issue was voted on.

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68.

The reshuffle prompted the resignations of three junior shadow ministers who were unhappy that Jeremy Corbyn had sacked or moved shadow ministers who disagreed with his position on Syria and Trident.

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69.

On 6 January 2016, Jeremy Corbyn replaced Shadow Culture Secretary Michael Dugher with Shadow Defence Secretary Maria Eagle .

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70.

Jeremy Corbyn replaced Shadow Europe Minister Pat McFadden with Pat Glass.

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71.

Alan Johnson, who headed up the Labour In for Britain campaign said "at times" it felt as if Jeremy Corbyn's office was "working against the rest of the party and had conflicting objectives".

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72.

Jeremy Corbyn responded with a statement that the motion had no "constitutional legitimacy" and that he intended to continue as the elected leader.

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73.

Jeremy Corbyn was encouraged to resign by Tom Watson and senior Labour politicians including his predecessor, Ed Miliband.

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74.

Several union leaders issued a joint statement saying that Jeremy Corbyn was "the democratically-elected leader of Labour and his position should not be challenged except through the proper democratic procedures provided for in the party's constitution" and that a leadership election would be an "unnecessary distraction".

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75.

On 16 August 2016, Jeremy Corbyn released a video of himself sitting on the floor of a Virgin Trains East Coast train while travelling to a leadership hustings in Gateshead.

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76.

Jeremy Corbyn said the train was "ram-packed" and used this to support his policy to reverse the 1990s privatisation of the railways of Great Britain.

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77.

Jeremy Corbyn subsequently said that there had not been room for all his team to sit together until later on in the journey, when other passengers were upgraded by train staff.

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78.

In January 2017, Jeremy Corbyn announced that he would impose a three-line whip to force Labour MPs in favour of triggering Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union to initiate the withdrawal of the UK from the EU.

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79.

Jeremy Corbyn said he welcomed Prime Minister Theresa May's proposal to seek an early general election in 2017.

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80.

Jeremy Corbyn said his party should support the government's move in the parliamentary vote.

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81.

Jeremy Corbyn chose to take part in television debates and dressed more professionally than usual, wearing a business suit and tie.

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82.

Jeremy Corbyn said that he had received the largest vote for a winning candidate in the history of his borough.

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83.

Guardian reported that "[w]hile the leaked report does show hostility to Jeremy Corbyn during the 2017 election, and even dismay among some officials when he did better than expected, there is seemingly no proof of active obstruction" by Labour officials and that there was "an argument that any evidence of election-scuppering is circumstantial rather than a smoking gun".

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84.

Jeremy Corbyn sacked three Shadow Cabinet members and a fourth resigned after they rebelled against party orders to abstain on a motion aimed at keeping the UK in the EU single market, which was put forward by Labour MP Chuka Umunna.

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85.

In July 2019, Jeremy Corbyn announced Labour's policy was now that there must be a referendum on any Brexit deal, including the deal Labour would attempt to negotiate if it entered government, and that the party would campaign for Remain against any Tory Brexit.

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86.

In February 2019, seven MPs – Chuka Umunna, Luciana Berger, Chris Leslie, Angela Smith, Mike Gapes, Gavin Shuker and Ann Coffey – resigned from the Labour Party to form The Independent Group, citing Jeremy Corbyn's handling of Brexit and of allegations of antisemitism.

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87.

In 2018, Conservative MP Ben Bradley posted a tweet saying that Jeremy Corbyn had passed British secrets to a spy from communist Czechoslovakia.

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88.

In March 2019, Jeremy Corbyn was assaulted by a Brexit supporter outside a mosque in Finsbury Park, North London.

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89.

The Independent expressed the view that Jeremy Corbyn was "unpopular in parts of the military because of his past policies on Northern Ireland, Trident and opposition to the Iraq War and other foreign interventions".

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90.

In 2019, Jeremy Corbyn refused an invitation to attend a state banquet for Donald Trump, hosted by Queen Elizabeth II during the president's June visit to the UK.

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91.

Trump rejected the request, saying that Jeremy Corbyn was a "negative force".

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92.

Jeremy Corbyn said that Labour was ready to fight an election against Johnson.

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93.

Jeremy Corbyn insisted that he had "pride in the manifesto" that Labour put forward and blamed the defeat on Brexit.

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94.

Jeremy Corbyn defended his comments in a TV interview later that day; shortly after it aired, the Labour Party announced that it had suspended Jeremy Corbyn pending an investigation.

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95.

However, Starmer refused to restore the Labour whip to Jeremy Corbyn, effectively denying him readmission to the parliamentary party, saying that he would "keep this situation under review".

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96.

On 23 November 2020, the Labour chief whip Nick Brown wrote to Jeremy Corbyn asking him to "unequivocally, unambiguously and without reservation apologise for your comments".

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97.

In November 2021, Starmer said Jeremy Corbyn "knows what he must do in order to move this forward" and that it was "his choice".

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98.

Jeremy Corbyn stated that Corbyn might not be allowed to stand as a Labour candidate in Islington North unless the whip was restored.

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99.

Jeremy Corbyn believes his dismissal was unfair and has threatened legal action.

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100.

Jeremy Corbyn launched the project on 17 January 2021, and its affiliates include Christine Blower, Len McCluskey and Zarah Sultana.

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101.

Jeremy Corbyn has said he has read some of the works of Adam Smith, Karl Marx and David Ricardo and has "looked at many, many others".

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102.

Jeremy Corbyn has campaigned against private finance initiative schemes, supported a higher rate of income tax for the wealthiest in society, and his shadow chancellor proposed the introduction of a £10 per hour living wage.

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103.

Jeremy Corbyn sought to reduce an estimated £93 billion that companies receive in tax relief.

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104.

Jeremy Corbyn opposes austerity, and has advocated an economic strategy based on investing-to-grow as opposed to making spending cuts.

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105.

Jeremy Corbyn has been a consistent supporter of renationalising public utilities, such as the now-privatised British Rail and energy companies, back into public ownership.

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106.

Jeremy Corbyn is a longstanding supporter of a united Ireland and reportedly described himself as campaigner against imperialism in Ireland in 1984.

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107.

In 1985, Jeremy Corbyn voted against the Anglo-Irish Agreement, saying that it strengthened the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and he opposed it as he wished to see a united Ireland.

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108.

Jeremy Corbyn would prefer Britain to become a republic, but has said that, given the Royal Family's popularity, "it's not a battle that I am fighting".

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109.

Jeremy Corbyn appointed a Shadow Minister for the Constitutional Convention into his Shadow Cabinet and Teresa Pearce stepped down after the May 2017 local elections and this position has since remained vacant.

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110.

In October 2017, Jeremy Corbyn was one of 113 MPs to sign a cross-party petition to Home Secretary Amber Rudd, which requested making it a criminal offence for opponents of abortion to hold protests outside of abortion clinics.

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111.

Jeremy Corbyn promised to allow abortion in Northern Ireland as well as same-sex marriage.

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112.

Jeremy Corbyn apologised for the actions of previous Labour governments in imposing "fees, top-up fees and the replacement of grants with loans".

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113.

Jeremy Corbyn said "I opposed those changes at the time – as did many others – and now we have an opportunity to change course".

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114.

Jeremy Corbyn pledged to investigate cancelling student loan debts incurred by recent graduates.

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115.

Jeremy Corbyn opposed the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, opposed the Lisbon Treaty in 2008, and backed a proposed referendum on British withdrawal from the EU in 2011.

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116.

Jeremy Corbyn accused the EU of acting "brutally" in the 2015 Greek crisis by allowing financiers to destroy its economy.

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117.

In September 2015, Jeremy Corbyn said that Labour would campaign for Britain to stay in the EU regardless of the result of Cameron's negotiations, and instead "pledge to reverse any changes" if Cameron reduced the rights of workers or citizens.

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118.

Jeremy Corbyn believed that Britain should play a crucial role in Europe by making demands about working arrangements across the continent, the levels of corporation taxation and in forming an agreement on environmental regulation.

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119.

In June 2016, in the run-up to the EU referendum, Jeremy Corbyn said that there was an "overwhelming case" for staying in the EU.

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120.

Jeremy Corbyn said he was "seven, or seven and a half" out of 10 for staying in the EU.

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121.

In July 2017, Jeremy Corbyn said that Britain could not remain in the European Single Market after leaving the EU, saying that membership of the single market was "dependent on membership of the EU", although it includes some non-EU countries.

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122.

Shadow Minister Barry Gardiner later suggested that Jeremy Corbyn meant that Labour interpreted the referendum result as wanting to leave the single market.

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123.

Jeremy Corbyn said that Labour would campaign for an alternative arrangement involving "tariff free access".

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124.

In October 2017, Jeremy Corbyn said that he would vote remain if there were another referendum.

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125.

In 2018, Jeremy Corbyn said his main reason for not committing to remaining in the single market was freedom from EU rules on state aid to industry.

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126.

Jeremy Corbyn said the UK government should not be "held back, inside or outside the EU, from taking the steps we need to support cutting edge industries and local business".

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127.

Also in 2018, Jeremy Corbyn said he would seek a new type of customs union with the European Union, but will seek exemptions of some EU regulations for the UK, such as those regarding state aid and government subsidies.

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128.

The Conservative government sought to open cross-party talks while Jeremy Corbyn initially said Labour would refuse to attend talks unless the government ruled out a "no deal Brexit".

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129.

In March 2019, Jeremy Corbyn said that he could vote leave in a second referendum, depending on the Brexit deal on offer.

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130.

Jeremy Corbyn has said that he would like Britain to achieve "some reasonable accommodation" with Argentina over their Falkland Islands dispute, with a "degree of joint administration" between the two countries over the islands.

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131.

Jeremy Corbyn prominently opposed the invasion of Iraq and War in Afghanistan, NATO-led military intervention in Libya, military strikes against Assad's Syria, and military action against ISIS, and served as the chair of the Stop the War Coalition.

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132.

Jeremy Corbyn has called for Tony Blair to be investigated for alleged war crimes during the Iraq War.

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133.

Jeremy Corbyn has said he would prefer to use diplomacy rather than armed force in international conflict.

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134.

Jeremy Corbyn would avoid military conflict by "building up the diplomatic relationships and trying to not isolate any country in Europe".

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135.

Jeremy Corbyn's aim is to "achieve a world where we don't need to go to war, where there is no need for it".

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136.

Jeremy Corbyn was criticised by George Robertson, former Labour Party defence secretary, who said "It beggars belief that the leader of the party most responsible for the collective security pact of NATO should be so reckless as to undermine it by refusing to say he would come to the aid of an ally".

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137.

Jeremy Corbyn has since acknowledged that the British public do not agree with his beliefs that the UK should leave NATO, and instead intends to push for the organisation to "restrict its role".

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138.

Jeremy Corbyn believes there should be a debate about the extent of NATO's powers including its "democratic accountability" and why it has taken on a global role.

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139.

Jeremy Corbyn has said it "probably was" a mistake to allow former Warsaw Pact countries to join NATO as it has increased tensions with Russia and made the "world infinitely more dangerous".

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140.

Jeremy Corbyn is a longstanding supporter of unilateral nuclear disarmament, although he has suggested a compromise of having submarines without nuclear weapons.

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141.

Jeremy Corbyn has campaigned for many years against nuclear weapons and the replacement of Trident and has said he would not authorise the use of nuclear weapons if he were prime minister.

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142.

Jeremy Corbyn called for a proposed Trump state visit to the UK to be cancelled following his executive order banning visitors from certain majority-Muslim countries from entering the US.

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143.

Jeremy Corbyn criticised Trump's involvement in British politics after Trump said Boris Johnson should become PM and Nigel Farage should be part of the Brexit negotiating team, saying that it was "not [Trump's] business who the British prime minister is" following Trump's endorsement of Boris Johnson as a possible future leader.

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144.

Jeremy Corbyn is a member of the Palestine Solidarity Campaign, campaigning, for example, against the killing of Palestinian civilians during conflict in Gaza.

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145.

In 2012 and again in 2017, Jeremy Corbyn called for an investigation into Israeli influence in British politics.

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146.

In January 2017, Jeremy Corbyn expressed concern about Israeli involvement in British politics, after the broadcasting of The Lobby.

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147.

Jeremy Corbyn described the actions of the Israeli official, Shai Masot, as "improper interference in this country's democratic process" and was concerned on national security grounds that Boris Johnson had said the matter was closed.

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148.

Jeremy Corbyn declared that the Labour Party condemned the "shooting of hundreds of unarmed demonstrators in Gaza by Israeli forces and the passing of Israel's discriminatory nation-state law".

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149.

In May 2019, Jeremy Corbyn sent a message of support to the National Demonstration for Palestine in London in which Ahed Tamimi participated.

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150.

Jeremy Corbyn said the Labour Party condemned the "ongoing human rights abuses by Israeli forces, including the shooting by Israeli forces of hundreds of unarmed Palestinian demonstrators in Gaza – most of them refugees or families of refugees – demanding their rights".

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151.

In October 2014, Jeremy Corbyn visited Tunisia to attend the "International Conference on Monitoring the Palestinian Political and Legal Situation in the Light of Israeli Aggression", organised by the Centre for Strategic Studies for North Africa.

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152.

On 1 August, BBC News showed in a report from inside the cemetery that for the memorial for the 1985 victims, Jeremy Corbyn would have stood in a designated confined covered area where all dignitaries typically stand during annual ceremonies, which covers the graves of Bseiso and Khalaf.

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153.

Balkan Insight wrote that, during the 2015 campaign for the Labour leadership, Jeremy Corbyn was criticised by bloggers and journalists for "having once apparently dismissed Serbian war crimes in Kosovo as a fabrication".

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154.

In 2006, Jeremy Corbyn signed a petition calling for the lifting of the ban on the Tamil Tigers, which it referred to as the "supposedly terrorist Tamil Tigers", stating that "the Sri Lanka government is carrying out an undeclared war against the Tamil people who have been struggling for more than two decades for the legitimate right to self-rule" and calling for an end to aerial bombardment by the Sri Lankan government.

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155.

In 2009, Jeremy Corbyn called for a total economic boycott of Sri Lanka, stating "the tourism must stop, the arms must stop, the trade must stop", he later stated the Sri Lankan cricket team should be boycotted.

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156.

In 2017, John McDonnell stated that a Jeremy Corbyn led Labour government would end arms sales to Sri Lanka.

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157.

Jeremy Corbyn has called for the lifting of the sanctions on Iran as part of a negotiated full settlement of issues concerning the Iranian nuclear programme, and the starting of a political process to decommission Israel's nuclear arsenal.

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158.

Jeremy Corbyn has criticised Britain's close ties with Saudi Arabia and British involvement in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.

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159.

In January 2016, after a United Nations panel ruled Saudi-led bombing campaign of Yemen contravened international humanitarian law, Jeremy Corbyn called for an independent inquiry into the UK's arms exports policy to Saudi Arabia.

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160.

Jeremy Corbyn has constantly called for the British Government to stop selling arms to Saudi Arabia to show that Britain wants a peace process in Yemen, "not an invasion by Saudi Arabia".

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161.

In March 2018, Jeremy Corbyn accused Theresa May's government of "colluding" in war crimes committed by Saudi forces in Yemen.

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162.

Jeremy Corbyn called for the suspension of arms sales to Saudi Arabia after dissident Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was murdered inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.

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163.

Jeremy Corbyn called for an international investigation into the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi and Saudi's war crimes in Yemen.

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164.

Jeremy Corbyn said he would respect a UN vote calling on the UK to decolonise the Chagos Archipelago and return Chagos to Mauritius.

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165.

Jeremy Corbyn is a longtime supporter of the Cuba Solidarity Campaign, which campaigns against the US embargo against Cuba and supports the Cuban Revolution.

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166.

Internal Labour party critics of Jeremy Corbyn accused him of glossing over Castro's human rights abuses.

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167.

In 2014, Jeremy Corbyn congratulated Chavez's successor, President Nicolas Maduro on his election to the presidency.

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168.

Jeremy Corbyn was against outside interference in Venezuela, "whether from the US or anywhere else".

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169.

Jeremy Corbyn said there "needed to be dialogue and a negotiated settlement to overcome the crisis".

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170.

In 1988, Jeremy Corbyn was one of the first MPs to raise the issue of Saddam Hussein's Halabja chemical attack against the Kurdish people, at a time when Hussein was still an ally of the west.

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171.

Jeremy Corbyn's critics, including British Orthodox rabbi Jonathan Sacks, former Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth, have accused him of antisemitism in relation to past associations and comments as well as his handling of allegations within the party while defenders have cited his support for Jews against racism.

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172.

Jeremy Corbyn has been criticized for his association with cleric Raed Salah, who was arrested in 2011 due to a deportation order a day before he was due to attend a meeting with MPs including Jeremy Corbyn.

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173.

Jeremy Corbyn condemns support for Palestinians being used as a mask for anti-Semitism and attempts to silence legitimate criticism of Israel by wrongly conflating it with anti-Semitism.

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174.

In 2018, Jeremy Corbyn was criticised by Jewish leaders for not recognising an antisemitic canard after Mear One publicised on social media in 2012 that his mural about exploitative bankers and industrialists was being censored and Jeremy Corbyn responded at the time by questioning its removal.

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175.

Jeremy Corbyn was criticised for a 2013 speech in which he spoke of certain Zionists who had "berated" the Palestinian speaker at a meeting, "they don't want to study history and secondly having lived in this country for a very long time, probably all their lives, they don't understand English irony either" .

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176.

Jeremy Corbyn responded that he was using Zionist "in the accurate political sense and not as a euphemism for Jewish people".

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177.

In 2019, Corbyn was criticised for a foreword he wrote in 2011 for a republication of the 1902 book Imperialism: A Study by John A Hobson, as the book contains the antisemitic assertion that finance was controlled "by men of a single and peculiar race, who have behind them many centuries of financial experience" who "are in a unique position to control the policy of nations".

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178.

Jeremy Corbyn responded that the language used to describe minorities in Hobson's work is "absolutely deplorable", but he stated that his foreword analysed "the process which led to the first world war" which he saw as the subject of the book and not Hobson's language.

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179.

In July 2018 Jeremy Corbyn was accosted by Labour MP Margaret Hodge in the Commons; she then told him she believed he was “an antisemitic racist” because of his perceived reluctance to adopt the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance's definition of antisemitism in full.

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180.

In July 2018, Labour, with Jeremy Corbyn's support, agreed a code of conduct which excluded or amended some of the examples from the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism relating to Israel.

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181.

Britain's three main Jewish newspapers jointly called a Jeremy Corbyn-led government an "existential threat to Jewish life" in Britain.

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182.

Jeremy Corbyn organised a demonstration against a 1970s National Front march through Wood Green; spoke on the 80th anniversary of the Battle of Cable Street, noting that his mother was a protester; signed numerous early day motions condemning antisemitism; in 1987, campaigned to reverse Islington Council's decision to grant the planning application to destroy a Jewish cemetery; and in 2010, called on the UK government to facilitate the settlement of Yemeni Jews in Britain.

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183.

Jeremy Corbyn took part in a ceremony in his Islington constituency to commemorate the original site of the North London Synagogue and visited the Theresienstadt Ghetto, calling it a reminder of the dangers of far-right politics, antisemitism and racism.

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184.

The report stated that Jeremy Corbyn's office was not made aware of the scale of the antisemitism problem in the party because former General Secretary Iain McNicol, and other senior figures provided "false and misleading information" to his office.

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185.

Jeremy Corbyn said that the Labour Party risked "giving credibility to misleading and inaccurate allegations about action taken to tackle anti-Semitism in the Labour Party in recent years" and that the settlements were a "political decision, not a legal one".

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186.

Jeremy Corbyn was asked by the society's President, Joel Rosen, what he had done to stop Luciana Berger, a Jewish MP for Liverpool Wavertree, from being “hounded out” of the Labour party.

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187.

Jeremy Corbyn was suspended from the Labour Party pending investigation by General Secretary David Evans when he failed to retract his remarks; he has said he will "strongly contest the political intervention to suspend [him]".

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188.

Jeremy Corbyn received support from a number of Constituency Labour Parties around the country in response to Starmer's decision to remove the whip.

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189.

The basis of Jeremy Corbyn's claim is that he and Starmer had agreed to a deal to readmit him to the party.

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190.

In July 2016, academics from the London School of Economics published a study of 812 articles about Jeremy Corbyn taken from eight national newspapers around the time of his Labour leadership election.

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191.

The study's director commented that "Our analysis shows that Jeremy Corbyn was thoroughly delegitimised as a political actor from the moment he became a prominent candidate and even more so after he was elected as party leader".

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192.

Jeremy Corbyn said that the media coverage had diverted his media team from helping him pursue "a political agenda on homelessness, on poverty in Britain, on housing, on international issues" to "rebutting these crazy stories, abusive stories, about me the whole time".

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193.

Jeremy Corbyn had in fact taken legal action against Conservative MP Ben Bradley during his leadership .

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194.

Jeremy Corbyn has been married three times and divorced twice, and has three sons with his second wife.

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195.

In 1987, Jeremy Corbyn married Chilean exile Claudia Bracchitta, granddaughter of Ricardo Bracchitta, with whom he has three sons.

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196.

Jeremy Corbyn missed his youngest son's birth as he was lecturing National Union of Public Employees members at the same hospital.

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197.

Jeremy Corbyn's second oldest brother, Andrew, who was a geologist, died of a brain haemorrhage while in Papua New Guinea in 2001.

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198.

Jeremy Corbyn escorted the body from Papua New Guinea to Australia, where his brother's widow and children lived.

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199.

In 2012, Jeremy Corbyn went to Mexico to marry his Mexican partner Laura Alvarez, who runs a fair trade coffee import business which has been the subject of some controversy.

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200.

Alvarez has described Jeremy Corbyn as "not very good at house work but he is a good politician".

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201.

Jeremy Corbyn named John Smith as the former Labour leader whom he most admired, describing him as "a decent, nice, inclusive leader".

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202.

Jeremy Corbyn said he was "very close and very good friends" with Michael Foot.

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203.

When interviewed by The Huffington Post in December 2015, Jeremy Corbyn refused to reveal his religious beliefs and called them a "private thing", but denied that he was an atheist.

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204.

Jeremy Corbyn has said that he is "sceptical" of having a god in his life.

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205.

Jeremy Corbyn compared his concerns about the environment to a sort of "spiritualism".

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206.

Jeremy Corbyn is a member of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Cycling.

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207.

Jeremy Corbyn enjoys reading and writing, and speaks fluent Spanish.

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208.

Jeremy Corbyn named Jens Lehmann, Ian Wright, and Dennis Bergkamp as his favourite Arsenal players, and has campaigned for the club to pay its staff a living wage.

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209.

Jeremy Corbyn is an avid "drain spotter" and has photographed decorative drain and manhole covers throughout the country.

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210.

In 2013, Jeremy Corbyn was awarded the Gandhi International Peace Award for his "consistent efforts over a 30-year parliamentary career to uphold the Gandhian values of social justice and non-violence".

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211.

Jeremy Corbyn has won the Parliamentary "Beard of the Year Award" a record six times, as well as being named as the Beard Liberation Front's Beard of the Year, having previously described his beard as "a form of dissent" against New Labour.

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212.

In 2016, Jeremy Corbyn was the subject of a musical entitled Jeremy Corbyn the Musical: The Motorcycle Diaries, written by journalists Rupert Myers and Bobby Friedman.

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