16 Facts About Jordan Valley


Unlike most other river valleys, the term "Jordan Valley" often applies just to the lower course of the Jordan River, from the spot where it exits the Sea of Galilee in the north, to the end of its course where it flows into the Dead Sea in the south.

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Jordan Valley is part of the Levantine corridor and constitutes a route for animal migration, including in the past for the developing human species.

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Genetic studies indicate that during the Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods, the Levantine corridor, of which the Jordan Valley is one part, was more important for bi-directional human migrations between Africa and Eurasia than was the Horn of Africa.

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Northern Jordan valley has two adjoining and complementary Important Bird Area recognised by BirdLife International, separated only by the political boundary of the Jordan River.

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The Ottoman internal administrative divisions varied throughout the period with the Jordan Valley river being at times a provincial border, and at times not.

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The area west of the Jordan Valley river was allocated in 1922 to the Mandatory Palestine under British Administration.

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The Jewish settlements in the Jordan valley were particularly disconnected from the rest of the Jewish Yishuv, were fairly small and dispersed among Arab settlements, and relied on a tenuous supply line via Nazareth.

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Some Jewish settlements in the Jordanian controlled Jordan Valley were abandoned, while significantly more Arab residents fled mixed cities and Arab settlements as part of the 1948 Palestinian exodus.

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Jordan Valley Unified Water Plan, commonly known as the "Johnston Plan", was a plan for the unified water resource development of the Jordan Valley.

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The population of the Jordan Valley fled in disproportionate numbers compared to the rest of the West Bank.

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Israel and Jordan did however deploy units in a defensive posture on each side of the Jordan valley.

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On 16 March 1997, a few days after the attack, King Hussein of Jordan Valley personally apologized for the incident, traveling to Israel to visit and pay respects to the grieving families of the seven murdered girls during the traditional Jewish mourning ceremony known as shiva.

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Jordan Valley was released on 12 March 2017 after he finished his sentence.

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On 10 September 2019, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu said that the government would annex the Jordan Valley by applying "Israeli sovereignty over the Jordan Valley and northern Dead Sea" should he continue being Prime Minister after the September 2019 Israeli legislative election.

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Area's fertile lands were chronicled in the Hebrew Bible, where it was the site of several miracles for the people of Israel, such as the Jordan Valley River stopping its flow to allow the Israelites, led by Joshua, to cross its riverbed at Gilgal, which went dry as soon as the Ark of the Covenant reached the shore .

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Jordan Valley River is revered by Christians as the place where John the Baptist baptized Jesus.

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