33 Facts About Joseon


Joseon consolidated its effective rule over the territory of current Korea and saw the height of classical Korean culture, trade, literature, and science and technology.

FactSnippet No. 632,085

Joseon period has left a substantial legacy to modern Korea; much of modern Korean culture, etiquette, norms, and societal attitudes toward current issues, along with the modern Korean language and its dialects, derive from the culture and traditions of Joseon.

FactSnippet No. 632,086

Joseon later killed King U and his son after a failed restoration and forcibly placed a royal named Wang Yo on the throne .

FactSnippet No. 632,087

Joseon revised the land ordinance to improve the national economy and encouraged the publication of books.

FactSnippet No. 632,088

Joseon cut down on everything he deemed unworthy and caused countless complications in the long run.

FactSnippet No. 632,089

Joseon's reign was marked by the prosperity and growth of the national economy and the rise of neo-Confucian scholars called sarim who were encouraged by Seongjong to enter court politics.

FactSnippet No. 632,090

Joseon established Hongmungwan, the royal library and advisory council composed of Confucian scholars, with whom he discussed philosophy and government policies.

FactSnippet No. 632,091

Joseon ushered in a cultural golden age that rivaled Sejong's reign by publishing numerous books on geography, ethics, and various other fields.

FactSnippet No. 632,092

Joseon sent several military campaigns against the Jurchens on the northern border in 1491, like many of his predecessors.

FactSnippet No. 632,093

Joseon executed government officials who supported Queen Yun's death along with their families.

FactSnippet No. 632,094

Joseon executed sarim scholars for writing phrases critical of Sejo's usurpation of the throne.

FactSnippet No. 632,095

Joseon abolished the Office of Censors, whose function was to criticize inappropriate actions and policies of the king, and Hongmungwan.

FactSnippet No. 632,096

Joseon banned the use of hangul when the common people wrote with it on posters criticizing the king.

FactSnippet No. 632,097

Joseon established a local self-government system called hyangyak to strengthen local autonomy and communal spirit among the people, sought to reduce the gap between the rich and poor with a land reform that would distribute land to farmers more equally and limit the amount of land and number of slaves that one could own, promulgated widely among the populace Confucian writings with vernacular translations, and sought to trim the size of government by reducing the number of bureaucrats.

FactSnippet No. 632,098

Middle Joseon period was marked by intense and bloody power struggles between political factions that weakened the country, and large-scale invasions by Japan and Manchu nearly toppled the kingdom.

FactSnippet No. 632,099

The only purpose for the Joseon navy was to secure the maritime trade against the waegu.

FactSnippet No. 632,100

Joseon ended up preempting a specific disadvantageous, exclusive negotiation with Japan previous to the Queen's decision, which was later used as a political premise for Japan to wage military action.

FactSnippet No. 632,101

Scholars, particularly during the Joseon era, were touted for expressing allegiance to the king.

FactSnippet No. 632,102

Joseon court, pressured by encroachment from larger powers, felt the need to reinforce national integrity and declared the Korean Empire, along with the Gwangmu Reform in 1897.

FactSnippet No. 632,103

Joseon was a highly centralized monarchy and neo-Confucian bureaucracy as codified by Gyeongguk daejeon, a sort of Joseon constitution.

FactSnippet No. 632,104

Joseon was bound by tradition, precedents set by earlier kings, Gyeongguk daejeon, and Confucian teachings.

FactSnippet No. 632,105

In 1403, the Yongle Emperor conveyed a patent and a gold seal to Taejong of Joseon, thus confirming his status and that of his dynasty.

FactSnippet No. 632,106

Ming and Qing had a laissez-faire policy toward Joseon; despite being a tributary state of China, Joseon was independent in its internal and external affairs, and China did not manipulate or interfere in them.

FactSnippet No. 632,107

China's new policy toward Joseon was set by Li Hongzhang and implemented by Yuan Shikai.

FactSnippet No. 632,108

The Joseon envoy sought to bring about the re-establishment of amicable relations between the two countries and he was charged to commemorate the good relations which existed in ancient times.

FactSnippet No. 632,109

The emperors of Japan at the time were figureheads with no actual political or military power and the actual political and military rulers of Japan that Joseon communicated with were the shoguns who were represented as "tycoon of Japan" in many foreign communications in order to avoid the conflict with the Sinocentric system in which the emperor of China was the highest authority, and all rulers of tributary states were known as "kings".

FactSnippet No. 632,110

Joseon Korea installed a centralised administrative system controlled by civil bureaucrats and military officers who were collectively called yangban.

FactSnippet No. 632,111

The original social hierarchy of the Joseon era was developed based on the social hierarchy of the Goryeo era.

FactSnippet No. 632,112

Joseon Dynasty presided over two periods of great cultural growth, during which Joseon culture created the first Korean tea ceremony, Korean gardens, and extensive historic works.

FactSnippet No. 632,113

Ceramics from the Joseon period differ from other periods because artists felt that each piece of art deserved its own uniquely cultivated personality.

FactSnippet No. 632,114

Joseon'storically overshadowed by the popularity of celadon, it was not until the 15th and 16th centuries that white porcelain was recognized for its own artistic value.

FactSnippet No. 632,115

Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty are the annual records of the Joseon Dynasty, which were kept from 1413 to 1865.

FactSnippet No. 632,116

Joseon kingdom was noted for having Confucianism as its main philosophy, and included some Buddhism.

FactSnippet No. 632,117