24 Facts About Judy Holliday

1.

Judy Holliday's began her career as part of a nightclub act before working in Broadway plays and musicals.

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2.

Judy Holliday's was known for her performance on Broadway in the musical Bells Are Ringing, winning a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical and reprising her role in the 1960 film adaptation.

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3.

In 1952, Judy Holliday was called to testify before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee to answer claims she was associated with communism.

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4.

Judy Holliday was born Judith Tuvim in New York City, the only child of Abe and Helen Tuvim.

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5.

Judy Holliday began her show business career in 1938 as part of a nightclub act called The Revuers, whose other members were Betty Comden, Adolph Green, Alvin Hammer, John Frank and Esther Cohen.

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6.

Judy Holliday remembered her years in the Revuers as unpleasant, saying she was initially a bad actress and so shy that she vomited between shows.

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7.

Judy Holliday's found it difficult to perform on stage in smoke-filled rooms while patrons over-imbibed, heckled and fought with each other, but deemed entertainers successful if they persevered in such atmospheres.

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8.

Kanin, along with George Cukor, Spencer Tracy, and Katharine Hepburn conspired to promote Judy Holliday by offering her a key part in the Tracy-Hepburn film Adam's Rib .

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9.

Judy Holliday's received rave reviews for her performance in Born Yesterday on Broadway, and Cohn offered her the chance to repeat her role for the film version, but only after a screen test .

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10.

Judy Holliday's subsequently won the first Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy; and at the 23rd Academy Awards, won the Academy Award for Best Actress, defeating Gloria Swanson, nominated for Sunset Boulevard; Eleanor Parker, for Caged; and Bette Davis and Anne Baxter, both for All About Eve.

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11.

In 1950, Judy Holliday's name appeared on a list of 151 "pro-Communist" artists in the conservative publication Red Channels: The Report of Communist Influence in Radio and TV.

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12.

Judy Holliday was one of several actors accused of fundraising for Communist front organizations.

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13.

Judy Holliday was advised to play dumb, as in her film portrayal of Billie Dawn, and she did – often to comedic effect.

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14.

Judy Holliday's denounced Stalinism and authoritarianism generally, but defended the free speech rights of those who espoused such views.

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15.

Judy Holliday's starred in the film version of The Solid Gold Cadillac, which was released in August 1956.

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16.

In November 1956, Judy Holliday returned to Broadway starring in the musical Bells Are Ringing with book and lyrics by her Revuers friends, Betty Comden and Adolph Green, and directed by Jerome Robbins.

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17.

Judy Holliday's has gusto enough to triumph in every kind of music hall antic.

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18.

In October 1960, Judy Holliday started out-of-town tryouts on the play Laurette based on the life of Laurette Taylor.

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19.

When Judy Holliday became ill and had to leave the show, it closed in Philadelphia without opening on Broadway.

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20.

Judy Holliday's had surgery for a throat tumor shortly after leaving the production in October 1960.

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21.

In 1948 Judy Holliday married clarinetist David Oppenheim, who was later a classical music and television producer and academic.

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22.

Judy Holliday had a long-term relationship with jazz musician Gerry Mulligan.

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23.

Judy Holliday's was interred in the Westchester Hills Cemetery in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.

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24.

Judy Holliday was a Democrat who supported Adlai Stevenson during the 1952 presidential election.

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