20 Facts About Leatherhead


Much of its history, Leatherhead was primarily an agricultural settlement, with a weekly market being held until the mid-Elizabethan era.

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Towards the end of the 20th century, manufacturing in Leatherhead had begun to decline and the town was instead starting to attract service sector employers.

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In 2002, the BBC identified Leatherhead as having one of the worst High Streets in England, but in 2007, the local press described the town centre as "bustling".

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Leatherhead is at the southern edge of the London Basin, where the permeable upper chalk of the North Downs dips beneath the impermeable London Clay.

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An Anglo-Saxon settlement at Leatherhead was most likely founded on the east side of the River Mole in the second half of the 6th century.

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Medieval history of Leatherhead is complex, since the parish was divided into a number of manors.

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In 1393, one year after a serious fire had destroyed much of Leatherhead, Wimbledon defaulted on the rent and was accused of dismantling several of the manor buildings.

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Leatherhead developed at a crossing point of the River Mole at the intersection between the north-south Kingston-Dorking and east-west Epsom-Guildford roads.

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All railway lines through Leatherhead were electrified in 1925 and the LSWR station was closed in 1927.

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Large-scale manufacturing in Leatherhead was short lived and, as the 20th century progressed, the town started to attract service sector industries.

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Leatherhead began to expand at the start of the 20th century and the population grew from in 4,694 in 1901 to 5,491 in 1911.

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The 3rd Infantry Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division was posted to Dorking and Leatherhead, and was responsible for completing the construction of Young Street between Givons Grove and Fetcham.

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Leatherhead experienced two main periods of bombing during the war.

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Leatherhead is in the Mole Valley parliamentary constituency, which has been represented in the House of Commons since 1997 by the Conservative, Sir Paul Beresford.

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Leatherhead is represented by a swan on the crest of the Mole Valley District Council coat of arms.

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In 1911, the Leatherhead company acquired that of Cobham and, from 1929, supplied gas to Woking via a connection at Effingham Junction.

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Leatherhead station is the northern terminus of the Mole Gap Trail, which rus south through Norbury Park to Dorking station.

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Leatherhead had swept it out of existence, as it seemed, without any provocation, as a boy might crush an ant-hill, in the mere wantonness of power.

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Leatherhead has been mentioned in a number of films and television programmes.

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Leatherhead Club was founded as the Surrey Golf Club, but adopted its present name in 1908.

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