30 Facts About Lord Howe Island


Lord Howe Island is an irregularly crescent-shaped volcanic remnant in the Tasman Sea between Australia and New Zealand, part of the Australian state of New South Wales.

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Lord Howe Island Group is part of the state of New South Wales and is regarded legally as an unincorporated area administered by the Lord Howe Island Board, which reports to the New South Wales Minister for Environment and Heritage.

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Lord Howe Island brought thirteen large turtle to Port Jackson and many were distributed among the camp and fleet.

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The American fleet numbered 675 ships and Lord Howe was located in a region known as the Middle Ground noted for sperm whales and southern right whales.

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Lord Howe Island was visited by many government and whaling ships sailing between New South Wales and Norfolk Lord Howe Island and across the Pacific, including many from the American whaling fleet, so its reputation as a provisioning port preceded settlement, with some ships leaving goats and pigs on the island as food for future visitors.

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Permanent settlement on Lord Howe was established in June 1834, when the British whaling barque Caroline, sailing from New Zealand and commanded by Captain John Blinkenthorpe, landed at what is known as Blinky Beach.

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Lord Howe Island was accompanied by Charles Moore, director of the Botanic Gardens in Sydney, and his assistant William Carron, who forwarded plant specimens to Ferdinand Mueller at the botanic gardens in Melbourne, who by 1875, had catalogued and published 195 species.

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Lord Howe Island suggested that coffee be grown, but the kentia palm was already catching world attention.

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Lord Howe Island encouraged schools, tree-planting, and the palm trade, dynamited the north passage to the lagoon, and built roads.

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Lord Howe Island managed to upset the residents, and parliamentarian Bowie Wilson was sent from the mainland in April 1882 to investigate the situation.

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Lord Howe Island was due to be declared rodent-free in October 2021, two years after the last live rat was found, but a living male and pregnant female were discovered in April 2021.

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Lord Howe Island Board is a NSW Statutory Authority established under the Lord Howe Island Act 1953, to administer the island as part of the state of New South Wales.

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In 1981, the Lord Howe Island Amendment Act gave islanders the administrative power of three members on a five-member board.

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Since 1894, Lord Howe Island has been included in the following New South Wales Legislative Assembly districts:.

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Since 1901, Lord Howe Island has been included in the following Australian House of Representatives electoral divisions:.

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Lord Howe Island is known for its geology, birds, plants, and marine life.

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Lord Howe Island is an irregularly crescent-shaped volcanic remnant in the southwest Pacific Ocean.

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Lord Howe Island is the highly eroded remains of a 7-million-year-old shield volcano, the product of eruptions that lasted for about 500,000 years.

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Lord Howe Island continues to erode rapidly and is expected to be fully submerged within 200,000 years, taking an appearance akin to the Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs.

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Lord Howe Island is a distinct terrestrial ecoregion known as the Lord Howe Island subtropical forests.

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In geological terms at 7 million years old, Lord Howe Island is relatively young and was never part of any continent, its flora and fauna colonising the island from across the sea, carried by wind, water, or birds, possibly assisted at a geological time when other islands were exposed, enabling island hopping.

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Lord Howe Island plants are similar to those of Norfolk Lord Howe Island, the two islands sharing some endemic species, for example, the critically endangered species of creeping vine Calystegia affinis.

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One of the best-known plant genera endemic to Lord Howe Island is Howea, an endemic genus of palms that are commonly known as kentia palms and are popular houseplants.

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The island was its only breeding location for many years after the breeding colony on Norfolk Lord Howe Island was exterminated in the late 19th century, though a small population persists on the adjacent Phillip Lord Howe Island.

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Lord Howe Island stick insect disappeared from the main island soon after the accidental introduction of rats when the SS Makambo ran aground near Ned's Beach on 15 June 1918.

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The Lord Howe stag beetle is a colourful endemic beetle seen during summers.

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Humpback whales are the only large whales showing slow but steady recoveries as their numbers annually migrating past the island of Lord Howe are much smaller than those migrating along Australian continent.

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Lord Howe Island Board instigated an extensive biological and environmental survey, which has guided the island conservation program.

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In 1981, the Lord Howe Island Amendment Act proclaimed a "Permanent Park Preserve" over the north and south ends of the island.

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Lord Howe Island was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

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