13 Facts About Mdina


Mdina, known by its Italian-language titles and, is a fortified city in the Northern Region of Malta which served as the island's capital from antiquity to the medieval period.

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Mdina experienced a period of decline over the following centuries, although it saw a revival in the early 18th century.

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Mdina remained the centre of the Maltese nobility and religious authorities, but it never regained its pre-1530 importance, giving rise to the popular nickname the "Silent City" by both locals and visitors.

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Mdina is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and it is one of the main tourist attractions in Malta.

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Plateau on which Mdina is built has been inhabited since prehistory, and by the Bronze Age it was a place of refuge since it was naturally defensible.

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Mdina was killed in the fighting, and Sawada Ibn Muhammad was sent from Sicily to continue the siege following his death.

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Mdina still has features typical of a medina, a legacy of the period of Arab rule.

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Mdina was comparatively small and partly uninhabited and by 1419, it was already outgrown by its suburb, Rabat.

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Under Aragonese rule, local government rested on the Universita, a communal body based in Mdina, which collected taxation and administered the islands' limited resources.

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Mdina suffered severe damage during the 1693 Sicily earthquake, although no casualties were reported the 13th-century Cathedral of St Paul was partially destroyed, and it was rebuilt by Lorenzo Gafa in the Baroque style between 1697 and 1703.

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The last major addition to the Mdina fortifications was Despuig Bastion, which was completed in 1746.

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Today, Mdina is one of Malta's major tourist attractions, hosting about 750,000 tourists a year.

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Mdina Gate, designed by the French architect Charles Francois de Mondion in 1724.

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