27 Facts About Monza


Monza is a city and comune on the River Lambro, a tributary of the Po in the Lombardy region of Italy, about 20 kilometres north-northeast of Milan.

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Monza is best known for its Grand Prix motor racing circuit, the Autodromo Nazionale di Monza, which hosts the Formula One Italian Grand Prix with a massive Italian support tifosi for the Ferrari team.

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On 11 June 2004, Monza was designated the capital of the new province of Monza and Brianza.

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The new administrative arrangement came fully into effect in summer 2009; previously, Monza was a comune within the province of Milan.

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Monza is the third-largest city of Lombardy and is the most important economic, industrial and administrative centre of the Brianza area, supporting a textile industry and a publishing trade.

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Monza is located in the high plains of Lombardy, between Brianza and Milan, at an altitude of 162 metres above sea level.

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Monza shares its position with Milan in the same metro area, and is a big part of its new province.

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Monza is crossed from north to south by the River Lambro.

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Under Berengar's reign, Monza enjoyed a certain degree of independence: it had its own system of weights and measures, and could seize property and mark the deeds with their signatures.

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Berengar was very generous evident by the donation of numerous works to the Monza Cathedral, including the famous cross, and by giving large benefits to its 32 canons and other churches.

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In 1018, Aribert, Lord of Monza, was consecrated bishop of Milan, resulting in the city losing its independence from its rival.

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Monza subsequently regained its autonomy, which was not limited to the feudal government of lands and goods; the archpriest of Monza was confirmed the authority of the clergy of his church .

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Frederick declared that Monza was his property and gave the Curraria, a right usually granted only to royal seats.

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Monza allowed the city of Milan to self-rule its subjects again while taking possession of the treasury of the cathedral.

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Monza was increasingly linked to events of Milan and shared its history and enemies: in 1255 the city was sacked by the Ghibellines, and in 1259 and Ezzelino III da Romano tried to seize the castle of Monza but was repelled; the village was set on fire.

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Enrico Aliprandi, a member of a family of Monza, joined the Torriani faction, with many enlisted soldiers under his command.

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The Castle of Monza was later expanded to such a degree that it was necessary to demolish the St Mary of Ingino church as space was needed for new buildings.

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Duchy of Milan and Monza remained subject to the Spanish crown until the early 18th century.

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The choice of Monza was due not only to the beauty of the landscape, but its strategic position and the fact that it was connected to Vienna as well as its proximity to Milan.

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Two-thirds of the gold and silver treasures of the Monza Cathedral were delivered to the mint of Milan, which turned them into coins used for military expenses.

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Monza took part in the Five Days of Milan Monza, expelling the Austrian garrison.

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In 1900 Monza was the scene of the assassination of King Umberto I by anarchist Gaetano Bresci.

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Monza is known for its Romanesque-Gothic style Cathedral of Saint John .

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The Ferrari fans at Monza are known both in Italian and internationally as tifosi.

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Monza is an extremely fast circuit that has been modified with three chicanes to curb speeds, but is still the fastest circuit on the Formula One calendar and is considered too fast to be considered to host MotoGP and no longer holds Superbike World Championship events either.

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In 2006 Monza hosted the World Cyber Games tournament, and in July 2005 and July 2008, Monza hosted the "International Gran Gala Marching Show Bands" at Stadio Brianteo .

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Monza can be reached through the following motorways: A4-E64, A52, A51 .

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