25 Facts About Lombardy


Lombardy is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy.

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Orography of Lombardy is characterised by the presence of three distinct belts: a northern mountainous belt constituted by the Alpine relief, a central piedmont area of mostly pebbly soils of alluvial origin, and the Lombard section of the Padan Plain in the southernmost part of the region.

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Plains of Lombardy, formed by alluvial deposits, can be divided into the Alta—an upper, permeable ground zone in the north—and the Bassa—a lower zone dotted by the so-called line of fontanili, spring waters rising from impermeable ground.

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Lombardy has a wide array of climates, due to variance in elevation, proximity to inland water basins, and big metropolitan areas.

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Roman culture and language overwhelmed the former civilisation in the following years, and Lombardy became one of the most developed and richest areas of Italy with the construction of a wide array of roads and the development of agriculture and trade.

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In late antiquity the strategic role of Lombardy was emphasised by the temporary move of the capital of the Western Empire to Mediolanum .

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The name "Lombardy" came to designate the whole of Northern Italy until the 15th century and sometimes later.

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Austrian rule was interrupted in the late 18th century by the French armies; under Napoleon, Lombardy became the centre of the Cisalpine Republic and of the Kingdom of Italy, both being puppet states of France's First Empire, having Milan as capital and Napoleon as head of state.

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Restoration of Austrian rule in 1815, as the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, was characterised by the struggle with the new ideals introduced by the Napoleonic era.

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Lombardy region was severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020, in which Italy was one of the worst affected countries in Europe.

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Lombardy's development has been marked by the growth of the services sector since the 1980s, and in particular by innovative activities in business services, and in credit and financial services.

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Lombardy has cultural and economic relationships with many foreign countries including Azerbaijan, Austria, France, Hungary, Switzerland, Canada, Germany, Kuwait, the Netherlands, and Russia.

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Lombardy is a member of the Four Motors of Europe, an intereuropean economical organization which includes Baden-Wurttemberg in Germany, Catalonia in Spain, and Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes in France.

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The Lombardy region is part of the EUSALP, which promotes innovation, green sustainability, and economy in the Alpine regions of Austria, France, Liechtenstein, Northern Italy, Southern Germany, Switzerland, and Slovenia, and ARGE ALP, which gathers states located in the alpine regions of Austria, Northern Italy, Southern Germany, and Switzerland to discuss similar themes as in EUSALP.

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Lombardy is home of very intensive animal breading and is leading in dairy cows and pigs heritage.

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Lombardy is home of Leonardo Helicopters Division responsible for ca.

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The Lombardy region is the geographic and economic epicenter of this area, with more than 10 million residents and the highest gross domestic product per inhabitant of the country.

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The region of Lombardy produces vast amounts of animal waste, a big contributor to pollution.

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Since the 1980s, Lombardy has become the destination of a large number of international migrants, so that today, more than a quarter of all foreign-born residents in Italy live in this region.

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Politics in Lombardy is framed within a system of representative democracy, where the President of the Region is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.

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In 2018, the regional government of Lombardy was still under negotiation with Rome for the devolution of certain competencies.

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Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy are a group of nine sites in northwest Italy, of which two are in Lombardy.

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Besides Milan, the Lombardy region has 11 other provinces, most of them with equally great musical traditions.

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Lombardy has always been an important centre for silk and textile production, notably the cities of Pavia, Vigevano and Cremona, but Milan is the region's most important centre for clothing and high fashion.

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Lombardy is home to some of the most important football teams in the country.

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