47 Facts About Liechtenstein


Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein, is a German-speaking microstate located in the Alps between Austria and Switzerland.

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Liechtenstein is a semi-constitutional monarchy headed by the Prince of Liechtenstein.

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Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland to the west and south and Austria to the east and north.

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Liechtenstein is a doubly landlocked country between Switzerland and Austria.

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Economically, Liechtenstein has one of the highest gross domestic products per person in the world when adjusted for purchasing power parity.

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An Alpine country, Liechtenstein is mountainous, making it a winter sport destination.

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Liechtenstein is a member of the United Nations, the European Free Trade Association, and the Council of Europe.

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Liechtenstein then became integrated into the Roman province of Raetia.

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On this date, Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.

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From 25 July 1806, when the Confederation of the Rhine was founded, the Prince of Liechtenstein was a member, in fact, a vassal, of its hegemon, styled protector, the French Emperor Napoleon I, until the dissolution of the confederation on 19 October 1813.

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In that same year Prince Aloys became the first member of the House of Liechtenstein to set foot in the principality that bore their name.

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Until the end of World War I, Liechtenstein was closely tied first to the Austrian Empire and later to Austria-Hungary; the ruling princes continued to derive much of their wealth from estates in the Habsburg territories, and spent much of their time at their two palaces in Vienna.

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Liechtenstein had just married Elisabeth von Gutmann, a wealthy woman from Vienna whose father was a Jewish businessman from Moravia.

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Citizens of Liechtenstein were forbidden to enter Czechoslovakia during the Cold War.

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Liechtenstein was in dire financial straits following the end of World War II.

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Liechtenstein is one of the few countries in Europe not to have a tax treaty with the United States, and efforts toward one seem to have stalled.

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Liechtenstein has a monarch as head of state, and an elected parliament that enacts the law.

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The Constitution of Liechtenstein was adopted in March 2003, replacing the 1921 constitution.

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On 1 July 1984, Liechtenstein became the last country in Europe to grant women the right to vote.

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Municipalities of Liechtenstein are entitled to secede from the union by majority vote.

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Municipalities of Liechtenstein are divided between the two electoral districts of Unterland and Oberland.

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The autonomy of the Liechtenstein communities is in the upper range compared to the other Central European states along with Switzerland.

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In 2013, Liechtenstein won for the first time a SolarSuperState Prize in the Solar category recognizing the achieved level of the usage of photovoltaics per population within the state territory.

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In 1991, Liechtenstein joined the European Free Trade Association as a full member, and since 1995 Liechtenstein has been a member of the European Economic Area and the World Trade Organization .

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The Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein participates in the annual meetings of the heads of state of the German-speaking countries .

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Liechtenstein maintains direct diplomatic missions in Vienna, Bern, Berlin, Brussels, Strasbourg, and Washington, D C, as well as Permanent Missions in New York and Geneva to the United Nations.

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Since 2002 Liechtenstein has had a permanent ambassador in Berlin, while the German embassy in Switzerland is responsible for the Principality.

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Liechtenstein is situated in the Upper Rhine valley of the European Alps and is bordered to the east by the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, to the south by the canton of Grisons and to the west by the canton of St Gallen .

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Liechtenstein is one of the world's two doubly landlocked countries – countries wholly surrounded by other landlocked countries .

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Liechtenstein is the sixth-smallest independent nation in the world by area.

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Only naturally formed lake in Liechtenstein is the Gampriner Seelein, which was not formed until 1927 by a flooding of the Rhine with enormous erosion.

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The Falknishorn, at 2452 meters above sea level, is the fifth highest mountain in Liechtenstein and represents the southernmost point of the country.

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Liechtenstein participates in a customs union with Switzerland and employs the Swiss franc as the national currency.

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Liechtenstein has been a member of the European Economic Area since May 1995.

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Liechtenstein produces wheat, barley, corn, potatoes, dairy products, livestock and wine.

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Liechtenstein has previously received significant revenues from Stiftungen, financial entities created to hide the true owner of nonresident foreigners' financial holdings.

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In recent years, Liechtenstein has displayed stronger determination to prosecute international money launderers and worked to promote an image as a legitimate finance centre.

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In October 2015, the European Union and Liechtenstein signed a tax agreement to ensure the automatic exchange of financial information in case of tax disputes.

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Liechtenstein offers protection to adherents of all religions, and considers the "religious interests of the people" a priority of the government.

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In 2012, Liechtenstein had the highest PISA-scores of any European country.

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Liechtenstein is nominally within the Austrian Verkehrsverbund Vorarlberg tariff region.

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Liechtenstein Bus is a subsidiary of the Swiss Postbus system, but separately run, and connects to the Swiss bus network at Buchs and at Sargans.

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The Historical Society of the Principality of Liechtenstein plays a role in preserving the culture and history of the country.

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Liechtenstein competes in the Switzerland U16 Cup Tournament, which offers young players an opportunity to play against top football clubs.

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Liechtenstein's prison holds few, if any, inmates, and those with sentences over two years are transferred to Austrian jurisdiction.

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Liechtenstein follows a policy of neutrality and is one of the few countries in the world that maintain no military although its police force maintains a paramilitary force, the Princely Lichtenstein Security Corps within the organisation that would act as its de facto army if an invasion of Lichtenstein ever occurred.

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Army was abolished for financial reasons soon after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, in which Liechtenstein fielded an army of 80 men, although they were not involved in any fighting.

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