11 Facts About Natural history


Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms, including animals, fungi, and plants, in their natural environment, leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.

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Natural history encompasses scientific research but is not limited to it.

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Natural history had been encouraged by practical motives, such as Linnaeus' aspiration to improve the economic condition of Sweden.

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For example, while natural history is most often defined as a type of observation and a subject of study, it can be defined as a body of knowledge, and as a craft or a practice, in which the emphasis is placed more on the observer than on the observed.

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Natural history begins with Aristotle and other ancient philosophers who analyzed the diversity of the natural world.

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Natural history was understood by Pliny the Elder to cover anything that could be found in the world, including living things, geology, astronomy, technology, art, and humanity.

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Natural history was basically static through the Middle Ages in Europe—although in the Arabic and Oriental world, it proceeded at a much brisker pace.

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Natural history's works translated to many languages direct or influence many scholars and researchers.

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Significant contribution to English natural history was made by parson-naturalists such as Gilbert White, William Kirby, John George Wood, and John Ray, who wrote about plants, animals, and other aspects of nature.

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Still, the traditions of natural history continue to play a part in the study of biology, especially ecology, ethology, and evolutionary biology, and re-emerges today as integrative organismal biology.

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The growth of natural history societies was spurred due to the growth of British colonies in tropical regions with numerous new species to be discovered.

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