22 Facts About Ojibwe


The Ojibwe population is approximately 320, 000 people, with 170, 742 living in the United States as of 2010, and approximately 160, 000 living in Canada.

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Ojibwe language is Anishinaabemowin, a branch of the Algonquian language family.

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Ojibwe are known for their birchbark canoes, birchbark scrolls, mining and trade in copper, as well as their cultivation of wild rice and maple syrup.

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The Ojibwe signed treaties with settler leaders to surrender land for settlement in exchange for compensation, land reserves and guarantees of traditional rights.

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Many Ojibwe were formerly located around the outlet of Lake Superior, which the French colonists called Sault Ste.

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Ojibwe who were originally located along the Mississagi River and made their way to southern Ontario are known as the Mississaugas.

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Ojibwe were part of a long-term alliance with the Anishinaabe Odawa and Potawatomi peoples, called the Council of Three Fires.

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The Ojibwe expanded eastward, taking over the lands along the eastern shores of Lake Huron and Georgian Bay.

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The Ojibwe did not understand the land cession terms in the same way because of the cultural differences in understanding the uses of land.

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The Ojibwe believed it was a fully shared resource, along with air, water and sunlight—despite having an understanding of "territory".

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In part because of its long trading alliance, the Ojibwe allied with the French against Great Britain and its colonists in the Seven Years' War.

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In 1807, the Ojibwe joined three other tribes, the Odawa, Potawatomi and Wyandot people, in signing the Treaty of Detroit.

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In Canada, many of the land cession treaties the British made with the Ojibwe provided for their rights for continued hunting, fishing and gathering of natural resources after land sales.

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The Ojibwe Nation set the agenda and negotiated the first numbered treaties before they would allow safe passage of many more British settlers to the prairies.

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Ojibwe communities have a strong history of political and social activism.

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Ojibwe have traditionally organized themselves into groups known as bands.

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Traditionally, the Ojibwe had a patrilineal system, in which children were considered born to the father's clan.

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Ojibwe people were divided into a number of doodemag named primarily for animals and birds totems (pronounced doodem).

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Ojibwe have spiritual beliefs that have been passed down by oral tradition under the Midewiwin teachings.

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Plants used by the Ojibwe include Agrimonia gryposepala, used for urinary problems, and Pinus strobus, the resin of which was used to treat infections and gangrene.

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The Ojibwe eat the corms of Sagittaria cuneata for indigestion, and as a food, eaten boiled fresh, dried or candied with maple sugar.

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Ojibwe mistakenly omitted the Ojibwe located in Michigan, western Minnesota and westward, and all of Canada.

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