69 Facts About Detroit


The City of Detroit had a population of 639, 111 at the 2020 census, making it the 27th-most populous city in the United States.

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Detroit is a major port on the Detroit River, one of the four major straits that connect the Great Lakes system to the Saint Lawrence Seaway.

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Detroit is best known as the center of the U S automobile industry, and the "Big Three" auto manufacturers General Motors, Ford, and Stellantis North America are all headquartered in Metro Detroit.

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However, due to industrial restructuring, the loss of jobs in the auto industry, and rapid suburbanization, among other reasons, Detroit entered a state of urban decay and lost considerable population from the late 20th century to the present.

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In 2013, Detroit became the largest U S city to file for bankruptcy, which it successfully exited in December 2014, when the city government regained control of Detroit's finances.

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In 2015, Detroit was named a "City of Design" by UNESCO, the first U S city to receive that designation.

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Detroit is named after the Detroit River, connecting Lake Huron with Lake Erie.

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City was named by French colonists, referring to the Detroit River, linking Lake Huron and Lake Erie; in the historical context, the strait included the St Clair River, Lake St Clair and the Detroit River.

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From 1805 to 1847, Detroit was the capital of Michigan as a territory and as a state.

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William Hull, the United States commander at Detroit surrendered without a fight to British troops and their Native American allies during the War of 1812 in the Siege of Detroit, believing his forces were vastly outnumbered.

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Detroit was recaptured by the United States later that year.

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In 1907, the Detroit River carried 67, 292, 504 tons of shipping commerce through Detroit to locations all over the world.

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Prohibition of alcohol from 1920 to 1933 resulted in the Detroit River becoming a major conduit for smuggling of illegal Canadian spirits.

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Detroit was one of the major Midwest cities that was a site for the dramatic urban revival of the Ku Klux Klan beginning in 1915.

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Postwar Detroit was a prosperous industrial center of mass production.

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Longstanding tensions in Detroit culminated in the Twelfth Street riot in July 1967.

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The city's riverfront on the Detroit River has been the focus of redevelopment, following successful examples of other older industrial cities.

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On July 18, 2013, Detroit became the largest U S city to file for bankruptcy.

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Construction began in late 2014 and finished in December 2016; Detroit is the largest U S city with all LED street lighting.

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Detroit is mentioned as a city of renaissance and has reversed many of the trends of the prior decades.

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Detroit is the principal city in Metro Detroit and Southeast Michigan.

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Detroit has four border crossings: the Ambassador Bridge and the Detroit–Windsor Tunnel provide motor vehicle thoroughfares, with the Michigan Central Railway Tunnel providing railroad access to and from Canada.

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In 2007, Downtown Detroit was recognized as the best city neighborhood in which to retire among the United States' largest metro areas by CNNMoney editors.

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Southwest Detroit has experienced a thriving economy in recent years, as evidenced by new housing, increased business openings and the recently opened Mexicantown International Welcome Center.

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Previously a major population center and site of worldwide automobile manufacturing, Detroit has suffered a long economic decline produced by numerous factors.

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The city has demolished thousands of Detroit's abandoned houses, planting some areas and in others allowing the growth of urban prairie.

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Oakland County in Metro Detroit, once rated amongst the wealthiest US counties per household, is no longer shown in the top 25 listing of Forbes magazine.

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These discriminatory tactics were successful as a majority of black people in Detroit resorted to living in all-black neighborhoods such as Black Bottom and Paradise Valley.

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Many white families with the financial ability moved to the suburbs of Detroit taking their jobs and tax dollars with them, as macrostructural processes such as "white flight" and "suburbanization" led to a complete population shift.

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Detroit moved down the ranking from number one most segregated city to number four.

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Gentrification in Detroit has become a rather controversial issue as reinvestment will hopefully lead to economic growth and an increase in population; however, it has already forced many black families to relocate to the suburbs.

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Northeast Detroit has a population of Hmong with a smaller group of Lao people.

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The area north of Downtown Detroit, including the region around the Henry Ford Hospital, the Detroit Medical Center, and Wayne State University, has transient Asian national origin residents who are university students or hospital workers.

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Detroit has gained notoriety for its high amount of crime, having struggled with it for decades.

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Areas of the city adjacent to the Detroit River are patrolled by the United States Border Patrol.

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The most significant companies based in Detroit include General Motors, Quicken Loans, Ally Financial, Compuware, Shinola, American Axle, Little Caesars, DTE Energy, Lowe Campbell Ewald, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, and Rossetti Architects.

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Detroit's auto industry, some of which was converted to wartime defense production, was an important element of the American "Arsenal of Democracy" supporting the Allied powers during World War II.

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City of Detroit has a rich musical heritage and has contributed to a number of different genres over the decades leading into the new millennium.

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The Fortune label, a family-operated label on Third Avenue in Detroit, was owned by the husband-and-wife team of Jack Brown and Devora Brown.

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Detroit is cited as the birthplace of techno music in the early 1980s.

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Important history of America and the Detroit area are exhibited at The Henry Ford in Dearborn, the United States' largest indoor-outdoor museum complex.

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An important civic sculpture in Detroit is The Spirit of Detroit by Marshall Fredericks at the Coleman Young Municipal Center.

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Detroit is one of 13 U S metropolitan areas that are home to professional teams representing the four major sports in North America.

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Detroit is the only U S city to have its four major sports teams play within its downtown district.

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The University of Detroit Mercy has an NCAA Division I program, and Wayne State University has both NCAA Division I and II programs.

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Detroit is one of eight American cities to have won titles in all four major leagues, though of the eight it is the only one to have not won a Super Bowl title (all of the Lions' titles came prior to the start of the Super Bowl era).

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In 1932, Eddie "The Midnight Express" Tolan from Detroit won the 100- and 200-meter races and two gold medals at the 1932 Summer Olympics.

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Detroit has made the most bids to host the Summer Olympics without ever being awarded the games, with seven unsuccessful bids for the 1944, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, and 1972 summer games.

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However, law professor Peter Henning argues Detroit's corruption is not unusual for a city its size, especially when compared with Chicago.

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Detroit is sometimes referred to as a sanctuary city because it has "anti-profiling ordinances that generally prohibit local police from asking about the immigration status of people who are not suspected of any crime".

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Some parts of Detroit are so sparsely populated the city has difficulty providing municipal services.

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Detroit is home to several institutions of higher learning including Wayne State University, a national research university with medical and law schools in the Midtown area offering hundreds of academic degrees and programs.

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The University of Detroit Mercy, in Northwest Detroit in the University District, is a prominent Roman Catholic co-educational university affiliated with the Society of Jesus and the Sisters of Mercy.

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The University of Detroit Mercy offers more than a hundred academic degrees and programs of study including business, dentistry, law, engineering, architecture, nursing and allied health professions.

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Detroit has an additional 56, 000 charter school students for a combined enrollment of about 122, 000 students.

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Detroit is served by various private schools, as well as parochial Roman Catholic schools operated by the Archdiocese of Detroit.

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The Catholic school population in Detroit has decreased due to the increase of charter schools, increasing tuition at Catholic schools, the small number of African-American Catholics, White Catholics moving to suburbs, and the decreased number of teaching nuns.

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Detroit has the 11th largest radio market in the United States, though this ranking does not take into account Canadian audiences.

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The DMC, a regional Level I trauma center, consists of Detroit Receiving Hospital and University Health Center, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Harper University Hospital, Hutzel Women's Hospital, Kresge Eye Institute, Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan, Sinai-Grace Hospital, and the Karmanos Cancer Institute.

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The SEMCOG Commuter Rail line will extend from Detroit's New Center, connecting to Ann Arbor via Dearborn, Wayne, and Ypsilanti when it is opened.

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Amtrak provides service to Detroit, operating its Wolverine service between Chicago and Pontiac.

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Westcott II, which delivers mail to lake freighters on the Detroit River, is a floating post office.

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City of Detroit has a higher than average percentage of households without a car.

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Freight railroad operations in the city of Detroit are provided by Canadian National Railway, Canadian Pacific Railway, Conrail Shared Assets, CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern Railway, each of which have local yards within the city.

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Detroit is served by the Delray Connecting Railroad and Detroit Connecting Railroad shortlines.

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Metro Detroit has an extensive toll-free network of freeways administered by the Michigan Department of Transportation.

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I-75 is the region's main north–south route, serving Flint, Pontiac, Troy, and Detroit, before continuing south (as the Detroit–Toledo and Seaway Freeways) to serve many of the communities along the shore of Lake Erie.

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I-94 runs east–west through Detroit and serves Ann Arbor to the west (where it continues to Chicago) and Port Huron to the northeast.

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The stretch of the I-94 freeway from Ypsilanti to Detroit was one of America's earlier limited-access highways.

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