61 Facts About Oakland


Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California.

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Oakland's territory covers what was once a mosaic of California coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, and north coastal scrub.

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In Oakland, they were concentrated around Lake Merritt and Temescal Creek, a stream that enters the San Francisco Bay at Emeryville.

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In 1772, the area that later became Oakland was colonized, along with the rest of California, by Spanish settlers for the King of Spain.

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The portion of the parcel that is Oakland was called Encinar —Spanish for "oak grove"—due to the large oak forest that covered the area, which eventually led to the city's name.

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The various streetcar companies operating in Oakland were acquired by Francis "Borax" Smith and consolidated into what eventually became known as the Key System, the predecessor of today's publicly owned AC Transit.

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Quarantine measures were set in place at the Oakland ports requiring the authorities at the port to inspect the arriving vessels for the presence of infected rats.

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State Board of Health along with Oakland advised physicians to promptly report any cases of infected patients.

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The officials in Oakland acted quickly by issuing death certificates to monitor the spread of plague.

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At the time of incorporation in 1852, Oakland had consisted of the territory that lay south of today's major intersection of San Pablo Avenue, Broadway, and Fourteenth Street.

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Oakland's rise to industrial prominence, and its subsequent need for a seaport, led to the digging of a shipping and tidal channel in 1902.

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Oakland expanded during the 1920s, as its population expanded with factory workers.

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Many of the large downtown office buildings, apartment buildings, and single-family houses still standing in Oakland were built during the 1920s; they reflect the architectural styles of the time.

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The largest canneries were in the Fruitvale District, and included the Josiah Lusk Canning Company, the Oakland Preserving Company, and the California Packing Company.

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The racial harmony Oakland African-Americans had been accustomed to prior to the war evaporated.

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Oakland was the center of a general strike during the first week of December 1946, one of six cities across the country that had such a strike after World War II.

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Many structures in Oakland were badly damaged including the double-decker portion of Interstate 880 that collapsed.

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Oakland is the second U S city, after Denver, to decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms.

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The group, calling themselves Moms 4 Housing, said their goal was to protest what they said was a large number of vacant houses in Oakland owned by redevelopment companies while the city experienced a housing crisis.

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Oakland that owns the house later said they would sell it to a nonprofit affordable housing group.

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Between 2014 and 2020, Oakland strengthened its protections for tenants in order to reduce the displacement of its long-time residents.

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Oakland has 19 miles of shoreline, but Radio Beach is the only beach in Oakland.

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North Oakland encompasses the neighborhoods between downtown and Berkeley and Emeryville.

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In 2011, Oakland was ranked the 10th most walkable city in the United States by Walk Score.

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City of Piedmont, incorporated in Oakland's central foothills after the 1906 earthquake, is a small independent city surrounded by the city of Oakland.

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Oakland has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate with an average of 260 sunny days per year.

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Oakland's climate is typified by the temperate and seasonal Mediterranean climate.

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Oakland'spanics have been the second largest ethnic group since 2012 when they displaced the Black population.

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Greater Oakland area has the fifth largest cluster of "elite zip codes" ranked by the number of households with the highest combination of income and education.

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Oakland ranked among the top cities with residents with bachelor's degrees and graduate degrees per square mile.

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Oakland has consistently ranked as one of the most ethnically diverse major cities in the country.

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Oakland became a destination for African Americans in the Great Migration during and after World War II as they gained high-paying jobs in the defense industry.

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An analysis by the Urban Institute of U S Census 2000 numbers showed Oakland had the third-highest concentration of gays and lesbians among the 50 largest U S cities, behind San Francisco and Seattle.

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In 2012, Oakland implemented Operation Ceasefire, a gang violence reduction plan used in other cities, based in part on the research and strategies of author David M Kennedy.

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Oakland is a major West Coast port, and the fifth busiest in the United States by cargo volume.

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In 2014, Oakland was amongst the best cities to start a career, the highest ranked city in California after San Francisco.

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Oakland experienced an increase of both its population and of land values in the early-to-mid first decade of the 21st century.

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In recent years, Oakland has gained national recognition as a travel destination.

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In 2012, Oakland was named the top North American city to visit, highlighting its growing number of sophisticated restaurants and bars, top music venues, and increasing nightlife appeal.

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Oakland took the No 16 spot in "America's Coolest Cities", ranked by metrics like entertainment options and recreational opportunities per capita, etc.

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In 2013, Oakland topped the No 1 spot in "America's Most Exciting Cities", notably having the most movie theaters, theater companies, and museums per square mile.

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In "America's Most Hipster Cities", Oakland took the number-5 spot, cited for luring San Francisco "hippies" into the city.

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Oakland has a vibrant art scene and claims the highest concentration of artists per capita in the United States.

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In 2012, Oakland was dubbed a "New Sin City", following its 2010 decision to relax its cabaret laws, which gave a boost to its nightclub and bar scene.

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Oakland has variously been represented by major professional teams in baseball, soccer, American football, basketball and hockey.

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In 2013, Oakland ranked 4th among American cities as an urban destination for nature lovers.

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Oakland is part of Alameda County, for which the Government of Alameda County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, and the Charter of the County of Alameda.

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Oakland was a Republican Party bastion from the 1860s to the 1950s, with positions expressed by the Republican-oriented Oakland Tribune newspaper.

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Oakland has the second highest percentage of registered Democrats of any of the incorporated cities in Alameda County, with Berkeley coming in first.

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Oakland is widely regarded as being one of the most liberal major cities in the nation.

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Oakland Unified School District, which covers the city except for Sheffield Village, operates most of Oakland's public schools.

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Catholic schools in Oakland are operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland include eight K–8 schools .

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In 2017, the Oakland Unified School District has received funding from Pandora in partnership with Little Kids Rock, towards expanding music education programs within the schools.

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Oakland is served by major television stations broadcasting primarily out of San Francisco and San Jose.

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In 2007, the Oakland Tribune moved its offices from the tower to an East Oakland location, before folding in 2011.

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Oakland residents have access to the three major airports of the San Francisco Bay Area: Oakland International Airport, San Francisco International Airport, and San Jose International Airport.

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Intercity bus companies that serve Oakland include Greyhound, BoltBus, Megabus, USAsia, and Hoang Transportation.

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Oakland requires these operators to educate users on the correct and safe use of scooters, to distribute the scooters equitably throughout the city, to ensure accessibility, and to provide insurance and indemnification.

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Oakland is served by several major highways: Eastbound Bay Bridge traffic entering Oakland then splits into three freeways at the MacArthur Maze freeway interchange: Interstate 580 heads southeast toward Hayward and eventually to the California Central Valley; Interstate 880 runs south to San Jose; and the Eastshore Freeway runs north, providing connections to Sacramento and San Rafael, respectively.

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Freight service, which consists primarily of moving shipping containers to and from the Port of Oakland, is provided today by Union Pacific Railroad, and to a lesser extent by BNSF Railway .

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Children's Hospital Oakland is the primary medical center specializing in pediatrics in the East Bay.

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