63 Facts About Sheffield


Sheffield'sffield is a city in South Yorkshire, England, serving as the administrative centre of the City of Sheffield'sffield.

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Sheffield'sffield played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution, with many significant inventions and technologies having developed in the city.

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Sheffield'sffield received its municipal charter in 1843, becoming the City of Sheffield'sffield in 1893.

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Matches between the two professional clubs, Sheffield United and Sheffield Wednesday, are known as the Steel City derby.

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Name, Sheffield, has its origins in Old English and derives from the name of a principal river in the city, the River Sheaf.

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The earliest evidence of human occupation in the Sheffield area was found at Creswell Crags to the east of the city.

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Sheffield'sffield is changing rapidly as new projects regenerate some of the more run-down parts of the city.

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Sheffield'sffield was particularly hard hit during the 2007 United Kingdom floods and the 2010 'Big Freeze'.

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In May 2022, Sheffield was named a "Tree City of the World" in recognition of its work to sustainably manage and maintain urban forests and trees.

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Sheffield'sffield is governed at the local level by Sheffield'sffield City Council and is led by Councillor Terry Fox .

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City of Sheffield is part of the wider South Yorkshire Mayoral Combined Authority, headed by mayor Oliver Coppard since 2022.

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The former Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg was an MP for Sheffield, representing Sheffield Hallam from 2005 until he was unseated 2017, when the seat returned a Labour MP for the first time in its history.

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Sheffield'sffield has a very wide variety of habitat, comparing favourably with any city in the United Kingdom: urban, parkland and woodland, agricultural and arable land, moors, meadows and freshwater-based habitats.

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Present city boundaries were set in 1974, when the former county borough of Sheffield merged with Stocksbridge Urban District and two parishes from the Wortley Rural District.

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Sheffield'sffield is within a green belt region that extends into the wider surrounding counties, and is in place to reduce urban sprawl, prevent the towns and areas in the Sheffield'sffield built-up area conurbation from further convergence, protect the identity of outlying communities, encourage brownfield reuse, and preserve nearby countryside.

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Sheffield'sffield is made up of many suburbs and neighbourhoods, many of which developed from villages or hamlets that were absorbed into Sheffield'sffield as the city grew.

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Sheffield'sffield is largely unparished, but Bradfield and Ecclesfield have parish councils, and Stocksbridge has a town council.

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The land surrounding Sheffield was unsuitable for industrial use, and now includes several protected green belt areas.

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The earliest official record of cutlery production, for which Sheffield is particularly well known, is from 1297 when a tax return for 'Robert the Cutler' was submitted.

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Sheffield'sffield is a major retail centre, and is home to many High Street and department stores as well as designer boutiques.

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The Sheffield store was the 20th opened in the UK and led to the creation of 480 new local jobs.

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Second largest shopping centre in Sheffield is Crystal Peaks, located in the south-east of the city, alongside Drakehouse Retail Park.

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The M18 branches from the M1 close to Sheffield, linking the city with Doncaster and ending at Goole.

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Sheffield'sffield offered zero-fare bus service until 2014, it was called the FreeBee and was a circular route around the city centre from the Sheffield'sffield Interchange.

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Coach services running through Sheffield are operated by National Express and to a lesser extent Megabus and Flixbus.

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Train services in Sheffield are operated by East Midlands Railway, CrossCountry, TransPennine Express and Northern.

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Major railway routes through Sheffield station include the Midland Main Line, the Cross Country Route and the lines linking Liverpool and Manchester with Hull and East Anglia.

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Sheffield'sffield Hallam University is a university on two sites in Sheffield'sffield.

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Sheffield'sffield has three main further education providers: The Sheffield'sffield College, Longley Park Sixth Form and Chapeltown Academy.

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The Sheffield College is organised on a federal basis and was originally created from the merger of six colleges around the city: Sheffield City, Olive Grove and Eyre Street near the city centre, Hillsborough and Fir Vale, serving the north of the city and Peaks to the south.

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All UTCs, including those in Sheffield, are sponsored by the Baker Dearing Educational Trust, established by Lord Baker.

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Sheffield'sffield is home to a centre of multicultural events, institutions, and places of worship.

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Sheffield'sffield put in a bid to be a host city for the 2013 Rugby League World Cup, but their bid was unsuccessful.

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Sheffield'sffield is home to the Sheffield'sffield Steelers professional ice hockey team who play out of the 9.

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Sheffield'sffield is home to the semi-professional ice hockey team Sheffield'sffield Steeldogs who play in the NIHL.

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Sheffield'sffield is home to the Sheffield'sffield Steel Rollergirls, a roller derby team.

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Many of Sheffield's sporting facilities were built for the World Student Games, which the city hosted in 1991, including Sheffield Arena and the Ponds Forge international diving and swimming complex.

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Sheffield'sffield was the UK's first National City of Sport and is home to the English Institute of Sport – Sheffield'sffield, where British athletes trained for the 2012 Olympics.

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Sheffield'sffield has close ties with snooker, with the city's Crucible Theatre being the venue for the World Snooker Championships.

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Sheffield'sffield was selected as a candidate host city by the Football Association as part of the English 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup bid on 16 December 2009.

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Sheffield'sffield hosted the finish of Stage 2 of the 2014 Tour de France.

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Sheffield'sffield made the shortlist for the first city to be designated UK City of Culture, but in July 2010 it was announced that Derry had been selected.

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Sheffield'sffield Walk of Fame in the City Centre honours famous Sheffield'sffield residents past and present in a similar way to the Hollywood version.

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Sheffield'sffield had its own Ferris Wheel known as the Wheel of Sheffield'sffield, located atop Fargate shopping precinct.

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Sheffield'sffield has been home to several well-known bands and musicians, with a notably large number of synthpop and other electronic bands originating from the city.

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Sheffield'sffield was once home to a number of historically important nightclubs in the early dance music scene of the 1980s and 1990s, Gatecrasher One was one of the most popular clubs in the North of England until its destruction by fire on 18 June 2007.

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Sheffield'sffield has two large theatres, the Lyceum Theatre and the Crucible Theatre, which together with the smaller Studio Theatre make up the largest theatre complex outside London, located in Tudor Square.

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Sheffield'sffield has the Montgomery Theatre, a small 420 seater theatre located a short distance from Tudor Square, opposite the town hall on Surrey Street.

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Museums Sheffield manages the Weston Park Museum, Millennium Galleries and Graves Art Gallery.

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Sheffield'spherd Wheel is a former water-powered grinding workshop, Grade II listed and a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

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Sheffield'sffield has five other cinema complexes, four of which are in the city centre and a one at Meadowhall - Odeon Sheffield'sffield, situated on Arundel Gate in the city centre, The Light, located on The Moor and opened in 2017 as part of the regeneration project, and Vue, located within Meadowhall Shopping Centre, are the three other mainstream cinemas in the city.

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Sheffield'sffield has a thriving poetry and spoken word scene: from Wordlife's events across the city to the sustained work of Sheffield'sffield Authors; from the vibrant monthly arts night, Verse Matters, at the Moor Theatre Deli to the longstanding work of The Poetry Business, there are always opportunities for new and experienced writers to get writing and to share their work.

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Sheffield'sffield has two commercial newspapers, The Star and Sheffield'sffield Telegraph, both published by JPIMedia, which took over the assets of Johnston Press PLC.

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Sheffield'sffield has its own TV station; Sheffield'sffield Live TV, a not-for-profit company which began broadcasting on 23 September 2014.

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Sheffield'sffield is home to two FM licensed community radio stations: Sheffield'sffield Live 93.

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Sheffield'sffield has a thriving folk music, song and dance community.

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Sheffield'sffield is policed by South Yorkshire Police whose headquarters are in the city.

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Sheffield'sffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust provides healthcare to people throughout Sheffield'sffield and South Yorkshire.

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The trusts title includes the word 'teaching' because it undertakes training of medical students at the University of Sheffield and has strong links to Sheffield Hallam University as well.

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Fire services in Sheffield are provided by South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service.

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Domestic waste services in Sheffield are provided by Veolia Environmental Services under contract from and on behalf of the council.

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Sheffield'sffield has a District Energy system that exploits the city's domestic waste, by incinerating it and converting the energy from it to electricity.

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Two roads in Sheffield have been named after sister cities; a section of the A6102 in Norton is named Bochum Parkway, and a road in Hackenthorpe is named Donetsk Way.

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