Orthodox Jewish Judaism is the collective term for the traditionalist and theologically conservative branches of contemporary Judaism.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,148|
The word Orthodox Jewish was borrowed from the general German Enlightenment discourse, and used not to denote a specific religious group, but rather those Jews who opposed Enlightenment.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,149|
This, and all that it entailed, constituted a notable change, for the Orthodox Jewish had to adapt to the new circumstances no less than anyone else; they developed novel, sometimes radically so, means of action and modes of thought.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,150|
Orthodox Jewish Law was considered normative and enforced upon obstinate transgressors with all communal sanctions: imprisonment, taxation, flogging, pillorying, and, especially, excommunication.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,151|
Orthodox Jewish was deeply troubled by reports from his native Frankfurt and the arrival from the west of dismissed rabbis, ejected by progressive wardens, or pious families, fearing for the education of their children.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,152|
Sofer's response to the crisis of traditional Orthodox Jewish society was unremitting conservatism, canonizing every detail of prevalent norms in the observant community lest any compromise legitimize the progressives' claim that the law was fluid or redundant.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,153|
Orthodox Jewish was unwilling to trade halakhic opinions with those he considered as merely pretending to honor the rules of rabbinic discourse, while intending to undermine the very system.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,154|
Orthodox Jewish, too, had to tread carefully during the 1810s, tolerating a modernized synagogue in Pressburg and other innovations, and his yeshiva was nearly closed by warden Wolf Breisach.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,155|
Orthodox Jewish was forbidden from interfering in the Temple's conduct.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,156|
Orthodox Jewish introduced secular studies for children, wore a cassock like a Protestant clergyman, and delivered frequent vernacular sermons.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,157|
Orthodox Jewish forbade the spontaneous, informal character of synagogue conduct typical of Ashkenazi tradition, and ordered prayers to be somber and dignified.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,158|
Orthodox Jewish adopted Maimonides' interpretation of the Talmudic concept tinok shenishba, a Jew by birth who was not raised as such and therefore could be absolved for not practicing the Law, and greatly expanded it to serve the Orthodox need to tolerate the nonobservant majority .
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,159|
Some German neo-Orthodox Jewish believed that while doomed to a minority status in their native country, their ideology could successfully confront modernity and unify Judaism in the more traditional communities to the east.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,160|
Orthodox Jewish soon found his expectations dashed: The traditionalist rabbis scorned him for his European manners and lack of Talmudic acumen, and were enraged by his attempts to impose synagogue reform and to establish a modern rabbinical seminary with comprehensive secular studies.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,161|
Orthodox Jewish led them for the remainder of his life, finding Frankfurt an ideal location to implement his unique ideology, which amalgamated acculturation, dogmatic theology, thorough observance and now strict secessionism from the non-Orthodox.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,162|
Orthodox Jewish opened a modern school in Eisenstadt, which combined secular and religious studies, and traditionalists such as Moshe Schick and Yehudah Aszod sent their sons there.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,163|
In 1865, the ultra-Orthodox Jewish convened in Nagymihaly and issued a ban on various synagogue reforms, intended not against the Neologs but against developments in the Orthodox Jewish camp, especially after Samuel Sofer violated his father's expressed ban and instituted German-language sermons in Pressburg.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,164|
Internal Orthodox Jewish division was conflated by growing tension with the Neologs.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,165|
Yet the Orthodox tolerated countless nonobservant Jews as long as they affiliated with the national committee: Adam Ferziger stressed that membership and loyalty to one of the respective organizations, rather than beliefs and ritual behavior, emerged as the definitive manifestation of Jewish identity.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,166|
Orthodox Jewish was appointed rabbi of the small Orthodox sub-community in Berlin, where he finally established his seminary.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,167|
Orthodox Jewish decreed that since the mother community was willing to finance Orthodox services and allow them religious freedom, secession was unwarranted.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,168|
The Communal Orthodox argued that their approach was both true to Jewish unity, and decisive in maintaining public standards of observance and traditional education in Liberal communities, while the Secessionists viewed them as hypocritical middle-of-the-roaders.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,169|
German Neo-Orthodoxy, in the meantime, developed a keen interest in the traditional Jewish masses of Russian and Poland; if at the past they were considered primitive, a disillusionment with emancipation and enlightenment made many young assimilated German Orthodox youth embark on journeys to East European yeshivot, in search of authenticity.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,170|
However, while lacking a uniform doctrine, Orthodox Jewish Judaism is basically united in affirming several core beliefs, disavowal of which is considered major blasphemy.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,171|
Orthodox Jewish was responsible to judicially instruct all members of his community.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,172|
Orthodox Jewish men are expected to wear a ritual fringe called Tzitzit, and the donning of a head-covering for males at all times is a well-known attribute distinguishing Orthodox Jewish Jews.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,174|
Orthodox Jewish Judaism lacks any central framework or a common, authoritative leadership.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,175|
The second largest Orthodox Jewish concentration is in the United States, mainly in the Northeast and specifically in New York and New Jersey.
|FactSnippet No. 1,311,176|