Pamplona, historically known as Pampeluna in English, is the capital city of the Chartered Community of Navarre, in Spain.
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Pamplona is considered to be the founder of Pompaelo, "as if Pompeiopolis" in Strabo's words, which became Pamplona, in modern Spanish.
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In 466 to 472, Pamplona was conquered by the Visigoth count Gauteric, but they seemed to abandon the restless position soon, struggling as the Visigoth kingdom was to survive and rearrange its lands after their defeats in Gaul.
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From 755 until 781, Pamplona remained autonomous, probably relying on regional alliances.
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The bishops of Pamplona recovered their ecclesiastical leading role; during the previous centuries, isolated monasteries, especially Leyre, had actually held the religious authority.
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Pamplona became a Castilian-Spanish outpost at the foot of the western Pyrenees.
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Pamplona has in recent years taken great care to integrate and preserve its fortifications for modern use.
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Pamplona is listed as a city with one of the highest standards of living and quality of life in Spain.
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Pamplona is located in the middle of Navarre in a rounded valley, known as the Basin of Pamplona, that links the mountainous north with the Ebro valley.
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Climate of Pamplona is classified as an oceanic climate with influences of a semicontinental Mediterranean climate.
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Urban expansion of Pamplona exceeded the administrative limits of the city and involved municipalities like Baranain, Burlada, Villava, Ansoain, Berriozar, Noain or Huarte in a larger metropolitan area.
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The urbanization of Pamplona, being from anterior designs, is not constrained by the grid plan.
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Pamplona has shifted in a few decades from a little administrative and even rural town to a medium-size city of industry and services.
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Pamplona is the main commercial and services centre of Navarre.
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Two most important museums in Pamplona are the Museo de Navarra, devoted to the archaeological and artistic heritage of Navarre, and the Museo Diocesano of religious art, located in the cathedral.
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Pamplona is the first Spanish city in the French way of the Way of Saint James.
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Pamplona has hosted the Sarasate Violin International Competition biennially since 1991, and the annual Punto de Vista International Documentary Film Festival, the most important Spanish documentary film festival, since 2004.
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Pamplona is linked by motorways with neighbouring Zaragoza, San Sebastian, Vitoria (1995) and Logrono (2006).
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The most notable architect in twentieth century Pamplona was Victor Eusa, whose designs were influenced by the European expressionism and other avant-garde movements.
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Pamplona is home to the headquarters of The International Federation of Basque Pelota.
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