39 Facts About RFID


RFID is one method of automatic identification and data capture.

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Mario Cardullo's device, patented on January 23,1973, was the first true ancestor of modern RFID, as it was a passive radio transponder with memory.

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The RFID tag includes either fixed or programmable logic for processing the transmission and sensor data, respectively.

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RFID tag receives the message and then responds with its identification and other information.

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RFID tags are easy to conceal or incorporate in other items.

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RFID offers advantages over manual systems or use of barcodes.

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In 2010, three factors drove a significant increase in RFID usage: decreased cost of equipment and tags, increased performance to a reliability of 99.

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RFID provides a way for organizations to identify and manage stock, tools and equipment, etc.

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RFID tags are widely used in identification badges, replacing earlier magnetic stripe cards.

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In commercial aviation, RFID is used to support maintenance on commercial aircraft.

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RFID tags are used to identify baggage and cargo at several airports and airlines.

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In New York City, RFID readers are deployed at intersections to track E-ZPass tags as a means for monitoring the traffic flow.

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Where ship, rail, or highway tanks are being loaded, a fixed RFID antenna contained in a transfer hose can read an RFID tag affixed to the tank, positively identifying it.

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At least one company has introduced RFID to identify and locate underground infrastructure assets such as gas pipelines, sewer lines, electrical cables, communication cables, etc.

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Standards for RFID passports are determined by the International Civil Aviation Organization, and are contained in ICAO Document 9303, Part 1, Volumes 1 and 2.

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Since 2006, RFID tags included in new United States passports will store the same information that is printed within the passport, and include a digital picture of the owner.

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Originally meant for large ranches and rough terrain, since the outbreak of mad-cow disease, RFID has become crucial in animal identification management.

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RFID tags are required for all cattle sold in Australia and in some states, sheep and goats as well.

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Biocompatible microchip implants that use RFID technology are being routinely implanted in humans.

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Medical facility rooms can collect data from transmissions of RFID badges worn by patients and employees, as well as from tags assigned to items such as mobile medical devices.

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The use of RFID to prevent mix-ups between sperm and ova in IVF clinics is being considered.

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RFID taking a large burden off staff could mean that fewer staff will be needed, resulting in some of them getting laid off, but that has so far not happened in North America where recent surveys have not returned a single library that cut staff because of adding RFID.

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Also, the tasks that RFID takes over are largely not the primary tasks of librarians.

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RFID technologies are now implemented in end-user applications in museums.

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RFID is used in school libraries, and to sign in and out for student and teacher attendance.

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RFID can provide race start and end timings for individuals in large races where it is impossible to get accurate stopwatch readings for every entrant.

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In races utilizing RFID, racers wear tags that are read by antennas placed alongside the track or on mats across the track.

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Passive and active RFID systems are used in off-road events such as Orienteering, Enduro and Hare and Hounds racing.

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RFID tags are often a complement, but not a substitute, for Universal Product Code or European Article Number barcodes.

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The tracing of products is an important feature that is well supported with RFID tags containing a unique identity of the tag and the serial number of the object.

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RFID tags are installed on waste collection carts, linking carts to the owner's account for easy billing and service verification.

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The tag is embedded into a garbage and recycle container, and the RFID reader is affixed to the garbage and recycle trucks.

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Active RFID tags have the potential to function as low-cost remote sensors that broadcast telemetry back to a base station.

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RFID used in access control, payment and eID systems operate at a shorter range than EPC RFID systems but are vulnerable to skimming and eavesdropping, albeit at shorter distances.

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Use of RFID has engendered considerable controversy and some consumer privacy advocates have initiated product boycotts.

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RFID Network responded to these fears in the first episode of their syndicated cable TV series, saying that they are unfounded, and let RF engineers demonstrate how RFID works.

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The Clipped Tag is an RFID tag designed to increase privacy for the purchaser of an item.

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RFID was one of the main topics of the 2006 Chaos Communication Congress and triggered a large press debate.

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Some RFID tags implement a "kill command" mechanism to permanently and irreversibly disable them.

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