11 Facts About Samaveda


Three recensions of the Samaveda have survived, and variant manuscripts of the Veda have been found in various parts of India.

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The Samaveda set important foundations for the subsequent Indian music.

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Samaveda estimates the composition of the samhita layer of the text chronologically after the Rigveda, and in the likely range of 1200 to 1000 BCE, roughly contemporary with the Atharvaveda and the Yajurveda.

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Samaveda is the Veda of Chants, or "storehouse of knowledge of chants".

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Samaveda text contains notated melodies, and these are probably the world's oldest surviving ones.

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Just like Rigveda, the early sections of Samaveda typically begin with Agni and Indra hymns but shift to abstract speculations and philosophy, and their meters too shifts in a descending order.

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The purpose of Samaveda was liturgical, and they were the repertoire of the or "singer" priests.

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Samaveda samhita is not meant to be read as a text, it is like a musical score sheet that must be heard.

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German edition of Samaveda was published in 1848 by Theodor Benfey, and Satyavrata Samashrami published an edited Sanskrit version in 1873.

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Samaveda text has not received as much attention as the Rigveda, because outside of the musical novelty and melodic creativity, the substance of all but 75 verses of the text have predominantly been derived from the Rigveda.

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The structure and theory of chants in the Samaveda have inspired the organizing principle for Indian classical arts and performances, and this root has been widely acknowledged by musicologists dealing with the history of Indian music.

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