28 Facts About Stirling


Stirling is a city in central Scotland, 26 miles northeast of Glasgow and 37 miles north-west of Edinburgh.

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When Stirling was temporarily under Anglo-Saxon sway, according to a 9th-century legend, it was attacked by Danish invaders.

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Origin of the name Stirling is uncertain, but folk etymology suggests that it originates in either a Scots or Gaelic term meaning the place of battle, struggle or strife.

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One proposal is that Stirling derives from Gaelic srib-linn, meaning "stream-pool" or similar.

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The earliest known structures in Stirling are now destroyed but comprised two Neolithic Cursus in Bannockburn.

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Stirling remained the river's lowest reliable crossing point until the construction of the Alloa Swing Bridge between Throsk and Alloa in 1885.

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Stirling seal has only the second part, in a slightly different form:.

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Stirling was first declared a royal burgh by King David in the 12th century, with later charters reaffirmed by subsequent monarchs.

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In terms of local government, the city of Stirling is a part of the wider Stirling Council area, which is based at Old Viewforth and governs on matters of local administration as set out by the Local Government etc Act 1994.

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Stirling is renowned as the Gateway to the Highlands and is generally regarded as occupying a strategic position at the point where the flatter, largely undulating Scottish Lowlands meet the rugged slopes of the Highlands along the Highland Boundary Fault.

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Land surrounding Stirling has been most affected by glacial erosion and deposition.

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Stirling stands on the Forth at the point where the river widens and becomes tidal.

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Stirling has some of the warmest summers in all of Scotland, being relatively far away from the cooling effects of the North Sea and the Firth of Clyde.

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Stirling had a higher proportion of non-Scottish born residents at 16.

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Stirling has hosted the National Mod several times: in 1909,1961,1971,1987 and 2008.

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In October 2021, Stirling was longlisted as the only Scottish bid for the UK City of Culture 2025, but failed to make it onto the March 2022 shortlist.

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At the centre of a large rural agricultural hinterland that encompasses some of the flattest and most productive land in Scotland, Stirling principally functioned as a market town, symbolised by its Mercat cross, with farmers coming to sell their products and wares in the large agricultural market that was held in the town.

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Today, agriculture still plays a part in the economic life of Stirling, given its focus at the heart of a large rural area, but to a much lesser extent than previously.

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Stirling is home to national construction companies Ogilvie Group, chaired by Duncan Ogilvie, who is listed in the Times Rich List as being worth £35 million.

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City of Stirling is home to a large number of commuters but has fewer commuting to work in other areas, than travel into the city.

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Cities with motorways links close to Stirling include Glasgow, via the M80 motorway past Cumbernauld, and Edinburgh, via the M9 motorway past Falkirk.

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Stirling has no airport, but there are international airports at Glasgow and Edinburgh which can be reached within an hour.

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Stirling used to have steamboats which carried hundreds of passengers a day.

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Stirling is home to professional league teams in football, rugby and cricket.

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University of Stirling is a major centre of sports training and education in Scotland.

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University of Stirling opened in 1967 on a greenfield site outside the town.

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Stirling is home to part of the wider Forth Valley College which was formed on 1 August 2005 from the merger of Falkirk, Stirling and Clackmannan colleges.

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Stirling has a Gaelic-medium unit situated in the city's Riverside Primary School which teaches pupils from across Stirling and Clackmannanshire through the medium of Scottish Gaelic.

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