31 Facts About Tainan


Tainan, officially Tainan City, is a special municipality in southern Taiwan facing the Taiwan Strait on its western coast.

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Tainan is the oldest city on the island and commonly known as the "Capital City" for its over 200 years of history as the capital of Taiwan under Koxinga and later Qing rule.

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Tainan is classified as a "Sufficiency" level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

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Tainan has been historically regarded as one of the oldest cities in Taiwan, and its former name, Tayouan, has been claimed to be the origin of the name "Taiwan".

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In Tainan, Shen made several efforts to modernize the defenses including inviting French engineers to design the Eternal Golden Castle in Erkunshen.

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Tainan recommended setting up a telegraph cable link between Tainan and Amoy.

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Tainan Prefecture included modern-day Yunlin, Chiayi, and the wider region of Tainan.

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The Japanese transformed Tainan by building modern infrastructure, including schools, a courthouse, city hall, new telecommunication facilities, an extensive freight and passenger rail network, a new Anping canal replacing the Go-tiau-kang, an airport, and an irrigation system across the Tainan and Chiayi regions.

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Tainan was tortured and executed the next day in the park in front of Tainan City Hall .

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Lives of Tainan citizens are closely related to many Chinese Deities and temples.

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In Tainan, there is a large ritual celebration for all 16-year-olds on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month, the goddess's birthday.

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Wedding ceremony in Tainan is a series of complex processes that are very exact and detailed.

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Since Tainan was a center of sugar production, Tainan cuisine tends to be sweeter than other Taiwanese cuisines.

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Tainan is considered the center of Taiwanese coffee culture with a number of coffee producers in the hills around the city.

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Tainan is famous for its diversity and density of temples and shrines.

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Nanyin and Shisanyin were the first types of Chinese music introduced to Tainan; Nanyin is performed mostly for entertainment while Shisanyin is performed in the Confucius worship ceremony.

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Tainan City has its own Chinese orchestra and symphony orchestra.

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Tainan has a tangible sense of history and is the site of several spectacular religious festivals.

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Tainan has a warm humid subtropical climate, with mild, dry winters and hot, humid summers.

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Castle Provintia, one of two Dutch forts in Tainan, now has a sea god temple and a literacy god temple built on top of it, creating East-West fusion architecture.

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Cityscape of modern Tainan was founded under the urban redevelopment programs carried out by Japanese colonial government.

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Tainan City is a special municipality, which is the highest level local government under Local Government Law of Republic of China.

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In common with every other city and county in the Republic of China, with the exception of Nantou, a majority of Tainan residents voted for eventual winner Lee Teng-hui and vice-president Lien Chan.

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Tainan uses romanizations derived from Tongyong Pinyin in street and district names.

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Tainan has a total of 37 districts, the second most districts after Kaohsiung City.

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Tainan still plays an important role in auto parts, food processing, textiles, plastics and other traditional manufacturing.

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Tainan Station is a major stop on the Taiwan Railways Administration Western Line, with direct connections to Taipei, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Hsinchu, and Keelung.

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Taiwan High Speed Rail's Tainan Station is located just outside the city center, in Gueiren District.

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Tainan is home to the Uni-President Lions, who play their home games at the Tainan Municipal Baseball Stadium.

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Tainan is the host of the biennial U-12 Baseball World Cup since 2015, organized by the World Baseball Softball Confederation .

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Tainan City celebrates friendly relationships with four other municipalities, although they are not considered official sister cities.

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