28 Facts About Xochimilco


The borough is centered on the formerly independent city of Xochimilco, which was established on what was the southern shore of Lake Xochimilco in the precolonial period.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,182

Xochimilco is best known for its canals, which are left from what was an extensive lake and canal system that connected most of the settlements of the Valley of Mexico.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,183

Borough of Xochimilco was created in 1928, when the federal government reorganized the Federal District of Mexico City into sixteen boroughs.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,184

The Xochimilco borough was centered on what was the city of Xochimilco, which had been an independent settlement from the pre-Hispanic period to the 20th century.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,185

Xochimilco has only one policeman for each 550 residents on average, and there have been complaints that police have taken over 30 minutes to respond to calls.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,186

The Grupo de Investigacion del Ajolote en Xochimilco is a nonprofit research group dedicated to the preservation of the axolotl, which is in danger of extinction.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,187

Canals of Lake Xochimilco were initially created along with artificial agricultural plots called chinampas.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,188

Xochimilco found a doll floating nearby and, assuming it belonged to the deceased girl, hung it from a tree as a sign of respect.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,189

The first settlements in the Xochimilco area were associated with the Cuicuilco, Copilco and Tlatilco settlements during the Classic period.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,190

Xochimilco is credited with inventing the chinampa system of agriculture to increase production.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,191

Xochimilco had one woman ruler, which did not happen anywhere else in Mesoamerica in the pre-Hispanic period.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,192

Xochimilco's is credited with adding a number of distinctive dishes to the area's cuisine, with inclusions such as necuatolli, chileatolli, esquites and tlapiques.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,193

In 1376, Tenochtitlan attacked Xochimilco, forcing the city to appeal to Azcapotzalco for help.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,194

For centuries Xochimilco remained relatively separate from Mexico City but provided much of the larger city's produce.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,195

Xochimilco was then succeeded by Macuilxochitecuhtli, but eighty days later he too went to Tenochtitlan to fight the Spanish alongside Cuitlahuac.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,196

Xochimilco was followed by Apochquiyautzin, who remained loyal to Tenochtitlan.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,197

Pre-Hispanic Xochimilco was an island connected to the mainland by three causeways.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,198

Xochimilco was made an encomienda of Pedro de Alvarado in 1521 and remained such until 1541.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,199

Xochimilco remained an important agricultural area, shipping its produce to Mexico City in the same ways.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,200

However, problems with flooding, especially the Great Flood of 1609 in Mexico City and Xochimilco, spurred the Spanish to begin projects to drain the lakes.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,201

Xochimilco was granted the title of city by Felipe II in 1559.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,202

In 1749, Xochimilco became a "corregimiento" or semi-autonomous area from Mexico City and would remain so until Independence.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,203

Before, during and after, Xochimilco continued to make more traditional rafts, canoes and trajineras, pushed along the shallow waters by a pole.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,204

Fifteen of the eighteen pueblos of Xochimilco hold major events for Day of the Dead, including costume parades, exhibitions, especially of altars, in cemeteries, museums, plazas and more.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,205

Xochimilco has traditionally held the Oktoberfest at the Club Aleman, which is located in the borough.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,206

Since the pre-Hispanic period, Xochimilco's economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, mostly by supplying to the needs of Mexico City.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,207

Xochimilco has four major markets dedicated to the sale of plants and flowers: Cuemanco, Palacio de la Flor, Mercado de Madre Selva and the historic market at San Luis Tlaxialtemalco.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,208

Museo Arqueologico de Xochimilco began as a collection of pre-Hispanic artifacts such as ceramics, stone items, bones, and more that had been found in the area, often during construction projects.

FactSnippet No. 1,324,209