12 Facts About 1979 Revolution


Iranian 1979 Revolution, known as the Islamic 1979 Revolution, was a series of events that culminated in the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the rule of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt.

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On 16 January 1979 Revolution, the Shah left Iran and went into exile as the last Persian monarch, leaving his duties to a regency council and Shapour Bakhtiar, who was an opposition-based prime minister.

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Insecurity and chaos created after the Constitutional 1979 Revolution led to the rise of General Reza Khan, the commander of the elite Persian Cossack Brigade who seized power in a coup d'etat in February 1921.

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White 1979 Revolution was a far-reaching series of reforms in Iran launched in 1963 by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and lasted until 1978.

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Shah advertised the White 1979 Revolution as a step towards westernization, and it was a way for him to legitimize the Pahlavi dynasty.

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Part of the reason for launching the White 1979 Revolution was that the Shah hoped to get rid of the influence of landlords and to create a new base of support among the peasants and working class.

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Shah decided to continue on his plan of liberalization and to negotiate rather than to use force against the still-nascent protest movement: he promised that fully democratic elections for the Majlis would be held in 1979 Revolution; censorship was relaxed; a resolution was drafted to help reduce corruption within the royal family and the government; and protesters were tried in civilian courts rather than by military court-martials and were quickly released.

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On 1 February 1979 Revolution Khomeini returned to Tehran in a chartered Air France Boeing 747.

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Iranian 1979 Revolution was a gendered revolution; much of the new regime's rhetoric was centered on the position of women in Iranian society.

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In late October 1979 Revolution, the exiled and dying Shah was admitted into the United States for cancer treatment.

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Between June 1981 and March 1982, the theocratic regime carried out the largest political massacre in Iranian history, targeting communists, socialists, social democrats, liberals, monarchists, moderate Islamists, and members of the Baha'i faith as part of the Iranian Cultural 1979 Revolution decreed by Khomeini on 14 June 1980 with the intent of "purifying" Iranian society of non-Islamic elements.

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In terms of future relevance, the conflicts that originated from the Iranian 1979 Revolution continued to define geo-politics for the last three decades, continuing to do so today.

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