33 Facts About Ala-ud-din Khalji


Ala-ud-din Khalji successfully fended off several Mongol invasions of India.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji was the eldest son of Shihabuddin Mas'ud, who was the elder brother of the Khalji dynasty's founder Sultan Jalaluddin.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji had three brothers: Almas Beg, Qutlugh Tigin and Muhammad.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji closely monitored Alauddin, and encouraged her daughter's arrogant behavior towards him.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji left Devagiri with a huge amount of wealth, including precious metals, jewels, silk products, elephants, horses, and slaves.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji returned to Delhi, believing that Alauddin would carry the wealth from Kara to Delhi.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji requested a letter of pardon signed by the Sultan, which the Sultan immediately despatched through messengers.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji convinced Jalaluddin to visit Kara and meet Alauddin, saying that Alauddin would commit suicide out of guilt if the Sultan didn't pardon him personally.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji promoted the existing Amirs to the rank of Maliks, and appointed his close friends as the new Amirs.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji's objective was to cause a change in the general political opinion, by portraying himself as someone with huge public support.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji increased the strength of the Sultanate's army, and gifted every soldier the salary of a year and a half in cash.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji strengthened the forts and the military presence along the Mongol routes to India.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji implemented a series of economic reforms to ensure sufficient revenue inflows for maintaining a strong army.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji viewed their haughtiness and their direct and indirect resistance as the main difficulty affecting his reign.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji took away all landed properties of his courtiers and nobles and cancelled revenue assignments which were henceforth controlled by the central authorities.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji did not levy any additional taxes on agriculture, and abolished the cut that the intermediaries received for collecting revenue.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji forced the rural chiefs to pay same taxes as the others, and banned them from imposing illegal taxes on the peasants.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji levied taxes on residences and grazing, which were not sanctioned by the Islamic law.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji managed to raise such a large army by paying relatively low salaries to his soldiers, and introduced market price controls to ensure that the low salaries were acceptable to his soldiers.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji banned gambling, and excommunicated drunkards and gamblers from Delhi, along with vendors of intoxicants.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji started concentrating all the power in the hands of his family and his slaves.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji became infatuated with his slave-general Malik Kafur, who became the de facto ruler of the Sultanate after being promoted to the rank of viceroy.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji convinced Alauddin to order the killing of his brother-in-law Alp Khan, an influential noble who could rival Malik Kafur's power.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji married Jhatyapali, the daughter of Hindu king Ramachandra of Devagiri, probably after the 1296 Devagiri raid, or after his 1308 conquest of Devagiri.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji was captured by Khalji forces during an invasion, escorted to Delhi as part of the war booty, and taken into Alauddin's harem.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji rose rapidly in Alauddin's service, mainly because of his proven ability as military commander and wise counsellor, and eventually became the viceroy of the Sultanate.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji started the construction of the Alai Minar, which was intended to be double to size of the Qutb Minar, but the project was abandoned, probably when he died.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji's administration persecuted the Ismaili minorities, after the orthodox Sunnis falsely accused them of permitting incest in their "secret assemblies".

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Ala-ud-din Khalji never asked for legal opinions about political matters, and very few learned men visited him.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji compromised with the Hindu chiefs who were willing to accept his suzerainty.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji had amassed wealth in his treasury through campaigns in Deccan and South India and issued many coins.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji's coins omitted the mention of the Khalifa, replacing it with the self-laudatory title Sikander-us-sani Yamin-ul-Khilafat.

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Ala-ud-din Khalji ceased adding Al-Musta'sim's name, instead adding Yamin-ul-Khilafat Nasir Amiri 'l-Mu'minin.

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